Safeguarding health and social care

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1 Know how to recognise signs of abuse A Define the following types of abuse and identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse The Department of Health has defined abuse as “Abuse is a violation of an individual’s human and civil rights by any person or persons” (No Secrets 2000). There are many different types of abuse and individual cases of abuse usually involve a different combination of these different types. (i) Physical abuse Refers to hitting, slapping, scratching, pushing or rough handling of another person. It can also involve assault and battery either with the hand or another object. Restraining persons without out justifiable reason and misuse of medication are also forms of physical abuse. …show more content…

This can manifest itself in poor treatment programmes, for example overmedication, improper use of restraint, with holding food or drink, restriction of information an removal of persons right to self-determination. (v) Self-neglect Self-neglect is any failure of an adult to take care of themselves that causes or is reasonable to cause serious physical, mental or emotional harm or substantial damage to or loss of possessions. This self-neglect can be caused as a result of the adults choice of lifestyle or as a result of depression or poor health. Signs of self-neglect are typically the absence of food, clothing and other basic amenities, tattered or lack of clothing. (vii) Neglect by others Neglect occurs when a health professional, carer or family member fails to provide the level of support or care that that person needs. This neglect can be deliberate or as a result of ignorance of required standards and practices. Again this neglect can result in the failure to meet the person’s physical, medical, nutritional, educational, emotional or social needs. Signs of this form of abuse include a deterioration of the person’s medical condition, hypothermia, unhygienic and hazardous environment, unexplained weight loss and withdrawal. (b) Describe factors that may contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to abuse (i) a setting or situation In more recent years

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