An Essay on Scene Is a Public Park
Public parks are a feature of the modern city. They serve a most useful purpose, because they give the people of crowded city opportunities to breathe fresh air, morning and evening. In congested modern cities they are a necessity and fulfill a vital function. They are often called the lungs of a city. They also afford open space for games and recreation. They are maintained by the municipal corporation of a city to serve these objects. “Public money is scarcely ever so well employed as in securing bits of waste ground and keeping them as open spaces”, said Sir Arthur helps. When the ever-increasing pressure of population and greed of profit create a constant tendency to encroach up on what seems to be merely un-utilized bits of land, the city fathered s must always keep in mind that every locality must be provided with requisites lands where the common man and his family can refresh and recreate themselves and escape from the dust laden, smoke-infested atmosphere of their congested homes.
Of course, it would not be quite right to say that these parks are a characteristic of the modern city alone. We find mention of groves and gardens in the jatakas. We recall the mango-grove of Benares where Buddha preached. Caesar, we know from …show more content…
For then the parks are crowded, - often inconveniently so, Children monopolize the earlier part of the evening. They shout and play to their hearts’ content. Easter, young people come as the shades of evening descend slowly on the scene. They have had their physical exercise elsewhere: now they come for gossip and rest. The old men repeat their scheduled exercises. In some parks, space has been leased out to clubs, and they make their own arrangements for swimming or basket-ball or tennis. In many, disregarding official instructions, young people have introduced football Mach to the annoyance of the old, and at some risk to little
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In “New Axioms for Reading the Landscape: Paying Attention to Political Economy and Social Justice,” Don Mitchell incorporates old ideas from Peirce F. Lewis’s original “Axioms for Reading the Landscape.” At the same time, Mitchell includes new ideas into his axioms. In Axiom 1, he explains that “the landscape is not produced through ‘our unwitting autobiography’ (as Lewis describes it), but as an act of (social, not individual) will” (2007, 34). He also stresses the idea that landscape should be produced as a commodity. In contrast, Neil Smith explains the main causes behind gentrification. Smith explains how gentrification happens through a process which he calls “rent gap” (1979, 545). In gentrification, the landscape is a commodity because it loses and gains monetary value through disinvestment and investment.
Altering public space can be a negative or positive thing. It is something that changes or adjusts something or someone. You can alter space positively by planting a tree in an empty plot so it can grow big. It can be a friendly smile on someone’s face that joyfully spreads to everyone else. It can also be a beautiful building or a park that transformed something old, unused, or outdated. Any of these ways and more can alter public space positively, and we should always strive to do things that way. There will always be negative in life but it is up to you think positive, act positive, and do things in a positive way. Then without you even realizing it, you will alter public space in a positive way as
Modern-day, stresses and nerves – and, it ought to be said, an open-air world which truly is less youngster amicable than ever before – has prompted a hazard opposed a culture that discovers expression in oppressive well-being and security arrangements which neglect to measure the advantages of a given movement against the dangers included. Suppliers of kids' play areas, in a similar manner as numerous open administrations, are in dread in case of even minor scratches. So they progressively blunder in favour of alert, putting intensely in effect retaining surfaces and gear that thoroughly meets well-being gauges yet regularly needs genuine play value.Free and unstructured play in the outside lifts critical thinking abilities, centre and self-restraint. Socially, it enhances participation, adaptability, and mindfulness. Enthusiastic advantages incorporate diminished animosity and expanded happiness.Children will be more quick-witted, better ready to coexist with others, more beneficial and more joyful when they have normal open doors for nothing and unstructured play in the out-of-entryways. In a current study a third of kids believed that there was a leaf that can soothe a nettle sting; as per the review, more than seventy-percent of the youngsters that participated in the research have never climbed a tree. Abominable! Ask anybody more than forty to relate to you their most loved recollections of adolescence play, and few will be inside. Less still will include a grown-up.
This may seem controversial as some people may not be able to understand how public parks benefit anyone. Public parks may seem purely aesthetic and ornamental, adding no true value to society, therefore some would argue that the government has no justification for taking their property.
Public spaces are the achievement of urban societies where people can get urban experience very intensive and lively, offering experiences and possibilities for action. They are important spaces because they have potential for play, a potential which as Stevens believes is almost neglected:
First, it felt slightly odd to read about a city other than New York City in a Macaulay Seminar class because most, if not all, readings I have read in such a class discuss a topic in the context of New York City; nevertheless, reading about Chicago, another major American city, and its comparison with St. Louis, were refreshing. Second, this is the first time that I was exposed to the “first nature vs. second nature” concept, which I found insightful and somewhat surprising. I began to ruminate on the aspects of New York City people assume natural that are in fact artificial. Immediately, the salt marshes near the John F. Kennedy airport in Queens came to mind. According to NYC Parks, the marshes serve to “absorb fertilizer, improve water quality, and reduce erosion,” which can be considered as, using Cronon’s phrase, “natural advantages.” However, they have clearly been positioned and altered in a way that is aesthetically pleasing. In this instance, the presence of human intervention exists, yet many people would be inclined to consider the park “natural.” Perhaps this is how people in the 19th century viewed the railroads. Lastly, the following questions might be worth discussing: in today’s world, given the prolific human activity, what is considered first nature and second nature? Can there even be a third nature or
Or, was it because the parkways were considered to be another factor adding to the congestion in the city? Or, the financial concerns of the project were immensely overwhelming for it be turned down by the developers? Nonetheless, Hise and Deverell do show us the positive side of this inhumane corrupt elite behavior of the developers and political entrepreneurs and that they did struggle to improve the urban environment. This book explains essentially where we are today in the Los Angeles and such cities which lack the presence of usable parks, ironically by centering on what to avoid and what actually didn't happen. To complete it, I would say it is strange that even today, many of the same issues that beleaguered us about a century ago, still hang
The experiment of the city needs some fine-tuning. Social reformers from all different stripes come out in full force to correct some of these urban problems. One of these campaigns is for the establishment of parks and its close cousin the playground. Landscape architect Charles Eliot whose work heavily influences the Boston Metropolitan Park System strongly pushes a park system to combat the growing urban
Welcome to Genezon, a city of 650-thousand people located in northwest Italy. We have created a city that not only maximizes safety and provides almost endless amounts of resources, but also a city that keeps in mind the happiness of the everyday citizen. Public space provides a plethora of benefits if used correctly, however, in the increasingly digital society, precise utilization will be key to success. Now in 2138, we have not only developed Genezon to be an independent, safe, and technologically advanced metropolis but also a culture-, society- and person-orientated public space experience.
In the essay “ Learning Responsibility on City Sidewalks”, the author Jane Jacobs shows us that it is important to let children interact with city sidewalks because they can learn lots of things there. On the other hand, the author also argues that it is necessary to select appropriate public areas because not all the public areas can give children advantage lessons. Based on author’s observations, some parents will allow their children play in parks so they are convenient to take care of children and save money for hiring daycare. However, it is not useful for children to learn in this environment. For example, children will not learn independent under parent’s supervision. Combing all the factors,
| Children and youth primarily play in the recreational park, whereas adults tend to spend time in the park with the gazebo and benches. Although children from a nearby day care center can be seen walking in line through the gazebo park. A bar/restaurant on the main street is a busy establishment for adults. A 24 –hour convenient store is a popular hangout for teenagers who stand outside smoking cigarettes and socializing. A school on the east edge of town has school-aged children practicing on the fields.
Cities are generators of economic life and source of changes in the world. Thereby, Jane Jacobs in her book The Death and Life of Great American Cities puts into relief the role of cities on the social and economic levels, while denouncing the disastrous consequences of urban renewal programs. To that extent, in chapters 2 and 3, she discusses "The Uses of Sidewalks”, arguing that over all people need safety and trust in their city. Therefore, first she claims the necessity of keeping streets and sidewalks safe because they are the “vital organs” of cities (29). Secondly, she argues that the functioning of cities should be organized in order to foster human interaction in which “casual public
In a book ‘The Uses of Sidewalks: Safety’, by Jane Jacobs, she abstract that ‘her basic notions of what makes a neighbourhood a community and what makes a city livable’ . She stated that ‘Great Cities are not like towns, only larger. They are not like suburbs, only denser’ . In her perspective of view, the great cities are differ from towns and suburbs in basic ways, they are full of stranger. Strangers are not only common in a public assembly, it even more common
The privatization and fragmentation of space in post-industrial urban America is a widespread social problem. As society becomes even more globalized as a result of technological advances, the rampant spread of a privatized public realm is ever-increasing. Public space is needed as a center in which to bring people together to share a common place. It is within public spaces that public life unfolds and without public spaces such as parks, streets, and buildings, the mixing of classes will become increasingly uncommon. Society is made up of two sectors: the private and public, and it is essential that both remain separate entities. However, through the use of fear tactics especially the threat of
Space that is documented and utilized by humans, whether directly or indirectly, takes on a basic level of social utility and cultural construction. As Elias Canetti would suggest, the prospect of touch carries with it the risk of being taken and subsequently assimilated or digested (1). The predecessors to the first great urban parks in the United States, namely country estates, cemeteries, and town squares or plazas, all contribute some aesthetic and related ideological basis for a newly emerging discourse of urban parks. Parks were seen as the “poor-man’s countryside,” in reference to the country estates of the wealthy. Also, cemeteries were the first naturalistic open spaces consistently built within urban boundaries. The idea of the commons and town square is perhaps the most telling predecessor of the city park.