Schizophrenia Is A Mental Disorder Essay

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Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that affects about 1% of the population world wise between the ages of 16-30 (Nordqvist 2016). The word Schizophrenia means, “Split mind” but it does not cause a split personality and was first introduced by a Swiss man named Eugen Bleuler (Simon & Zieve, 2013). Schizophrenia has different subtypes, including Paranoid-type, Disorganized-type, Catatonic-type, Undifferentiated-type, and Residual-type (Simon & Zieve, 2013). Men develop the symptoms in their early teenage years and women typically develop the symptoms in their late twenties (Konkel 2015). Researchers showed that Schizophrenia brains have enlarged lateral ventricles, their brain volume is smaller, the cerebral cortex is reduced, the medial temporal lobes that deal with memory is smaller, and there are fewer connections between brain cells(Cazaban 2003; Goldberg 2016). Individuals who have Schizophrenia say they hear voices, they believe someone is controlling their mind; they hallucinate, and believe someone is planning to cause harm to them, which makes them agitated, upset, and causes them to stay to themselves (Nordqvist 2016; NIMH 2015). Schizophrenia interferes with cognition and emotion that causes the individual to lose the capability of caring for themselves (Chien et al., 2013). The brain regions that are affected are the prefrontal cortex, the basal ganglia and the limbic system (Chakraborty 2015). The activity in the basal ganglia is increased, but the connection

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