SOCI 1301 Principles of Sociology
Chapter 5 Quiz
1) Which of the following statements is the best example of a hypothesis?
A) "All men are created equal."
B) "A penny saved is a penny earned."
C) "Unemployed men are more likely to commit spousal abuse than employed men."
D) "More than 300 million people live in the United States."
2) In the statement, "Poverty causes crime," the words "poverty" and "crime" are best described as ________ because they are subject to change.
A) unobtrusive measures
C) parametric measures
3) In the research model, the step in which the researcher specifies what he or she wants to learn about a specific topic of study is called ________.
A) …show more content…
D) It ensures that every person in the sample represents a specific racial, gender, or religious group.
8) Jarod is conducting research on the homeless. For six weeks, he has lived among the homeless "24/7," sleeping on the street or at a shelter, and engaging in the same activities as the population he is studying. By doing so, Jarod has been able to gather a broad understanding of the homeless, their needs, and characteristics. In view of this, Jarod is using ________ as a method of gathering data.
A) representative sampling
B) secondary analysis
C) content analysis
D) participant observation
9) What are the three qualities on which research ethics is based?
A) rapport; generalizability; validity
B) honesty; truth; openness
C) random sample; observation; fieldwork
D) consistency; accuracy; clarity
10) Which two research methods did Laud Humphreys utilize in his classic "tearoom" study?
A) participant observation and surveys
B) experiments and documents
C) secondary analysis and surveys
D) unobtrusive measures and secondary analysis
11) Why did a number of sociologists think Laud Humphreys ' research on tearooms was unethical?
A) He did not identify himself as a researcher.
B) His study findings could not be replicated.
C) He used students to gather and tabulate the data and did not give them credit.
D) He plagiarized in some of his
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysGet Access
The development of the scientific method in the late 1500’s to the early 1600’s was a crucial stepping-stone in the science community. The scientific method is based upon observations, hypotheses and experimentation. The concept is rather simple, and can be applied to many areas of study. Once an observation is made, the observer can make a hypothesis as to why that phenomenon occurs and can then design an experiment to prove whether or not that hypotheses is valid. Although the scientific method has been extremely useful in the discovery of various things from usages of medications to studying animal behavior, there are still those who question the usage of this tool. These critics claim that since
It is important that when Observing and recording you of selecting the appropriate method to suit desired aim of the observation it. We do observations to help look at the different areas of development i.e. physical, intellectual, emotional, and social.
John is a student of sociology. He decides to dress as if he is a homeless person and goes to the local downtown library to "hang out" with the homeless to gather data for a research project. John is using which of the following research methods to collect his data?
The ethics of the study were however called into question (Banyard, 2012). One protestors among many was Diana Baumrind (Banyard, 2012). Baumrind (1964) argued whether the ‘welfare of the participants’ was considered Banyard (2012, p.79). Baumrind (1964) further criticised the experiment for the damage it could do the public’s perception of psychology (Banyard, 2012). In Milgram’s (1963) defence, he was not ignorant of the potential harm caused to participants, (Banyard, 2012). In fact, he was
Within this report I will be explaining the function of research within health and social care and I will also be comparing the two different research methodologies that are used within health and social care. Then I will be discussing the different ethical issues that can arise when researching in health and social care and in health and social care settings. Research is the process of collecting and analysing information to be able to provide knowledge to then be able to highlight gaps and identify the needs in society. Also needed to be able to extend knowledge on subjects to then be able to improve practice and then be able to monitor practice. The different purposes of research are to be able to establish the different patterns in the population so they are able to effectively plan for the services provisions.
Describe (in your own words) the research database or collection of research including the purpose and the subject matter it covers: The report was a qualitive and quantative study to evaluate the role of breastfeeding attitudes, beliefs, and supports as they relate to young mothers.
In the article, “Researching Dealers and Smugglers,” Patricia Adler discusses her and her husband’s experience using participant observation to collect data from drug dealers and the problems this qualitative method brought. A qualitative method focuses on collecting rich, non-statistical data. This method involves face-to-face interviews and actual participation with the group being researched. The Adlers use this method because it is almost impossible to gather accurate information on people who smuggle drugs. This is true because they are such private and deceitful people. The only way to get the real facts is if the smugglers trust the person. Unfortunately, participant observation brought problems such as the dealers and smugglers
The Scientific Method is simple set of rules meant to help people find an answer to any question through experimentation and research. It is globally known for its effectiveness in answering difficult problems. While some steps may seem complicated, they can be more simple then was thought beforehand. While some people think only scientists use it, it's actually used by everyone all the time, which is why it's important to learn the process.
Incorrect scientific measurement can cause a large problem in pediatric doses of medication. Most pediatric doses are based on weight which uses kilograms and not pounds. Using the incorrect units could create a fatal error. Another problem is with preparing the medication. When using a syringe careful attention to detail is needed to ensure you are drawing up the correct amounts with respect to the stopper. To have correct measurements it is important that you know how to correctly read the equipment you are working with. A medicine cup for example must be read at the meniscus.
Science is part of everyone’s everyday life, and the scientific method is used in a variety of day to day tasks, whether we are consciously aware of it or not. The scientific method is a process by which problems are approached in order to solve that problem by making observations and performing experiments. This paper will look at two problems that could be encountered in daily life, and using the scientific method to solve the problem.