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Self-Care Deficit Theory In Nursing

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Failure for a person to be able to maintain their self-care requisites through the power of their self-care agency results in a person’s self-care deficit (Masters, 2012). The self-care deficit theory explains how individuals can be assisted through nursing. The five nursing methods utilized to meet the self-care needs are: acting for or doing for another, guiding and directing, providing physical or psychological support, providing and maintaining an environment that supports personal development, and teaching (Masters, 2012). Theory of Nursing Systems The theory of the nursing systems developed guidelines for nurses to know the extent in which to intervene. Within the nursing systems, there are three levels: wholly compensatory system, partially compensatory system, and supportive-education system (Figure 1). Wholly compensatory system is used when the patient is unable to perform any self-care activities and solely relies on the nurse to perform the care. Partially compensatory system is used when the patient and the nurse participate in the self-care activities with the goal of shifting the activities from the nurse to the patient as the self-care demand changes. Supportive-educative system is used when the patient can care for oneself but requires assistance from the nurse in decision making, knowledge, or skill acquisition to maintain self-care (Masters, 2012). Assumptions and Relationship Statement Assumptions of the self-care deficit theory are that
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