Sexual Harassment By The Gale Encyclopedia Of American Law

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Sexual harassment, as defined by the Gale Encyclopedia of American Law is defined as “unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature that tends to create a hostile or offensive work environment.” An early and extreme case of sexual harassment in the United States was the sexual assault of African American women slaves by their owners, without any form available for legal recourse for the victims. Sexual Harassment wasn’t considered a crime until the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed, specifically Title VII, whose main purpose is to protect women from discrimination in the workplace. Unfortunately, Federal Courts didn’t recognize sexual harassment as an actual crime until the…show more content…
A lot of progress was made in the effort to combat sexual assault, through the help of Congress, who passes stronger legislation, to the media, which helps to proliferate stories concerning sexual harassment on reputable institutions. Unfortunately, it is due to the media that other problems arise, and that problem carries in the way institutions out investigations into the sexual harassment claims. In April 2013, Emma Sulkowicz, an American fourth-year visual arts major at Columbia University in New York City, filed a complaint with the University requesting the expulsion of Paul Nungesser, alleging he had raped her in her dorm room on August 27, 2012. Eventually, the university claimed that Nungesser was not guilty of the crime. As a result of the verdict, Emma Sulkowicz started the “Carry That Weight” campaign, in which she carried around a 50lb. mattress whenever she was on the campus of Columbia University, as a form of protest for the injustice. The mattress she used was similar to the ones that are found in the dorms of the University. Emma Sulkowicz demonstrates the rules for her“Carry That Weight Capaign The mattress symbolized her own form of fighting against the system, in which she claims that the University mishandled the investigation of her sexual assault. She carried the mattress for a total of nine months, the same amount of that a pregnancy on average takes. The campaign caught the
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