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Essay about Sigmund Freud´s Theory in Life of Pi by Yann Martel

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Sigmund Freud’s Theory in Life of Pi Throughout my life I have always wondered about the conscious and unconscious mind and why humans act differently in different environments. The main theory that is used in the novel “Life of Pi” by Yann Martel is the Freudian theory. The first reason why the Freudian mind has a major role in Life of Pi is because it shows that Pi will act differently upon various situations and environments. Secondly, the Freudian mind shows us that there is the id, ego and superego, which overcome Pi’s psyche and change his behavior. Lastly, Pi is consciously aware of all that is going on but the unconscious mind influences his personality and behavior without him even noticing. Although Pi is a human that is very…show more content…
The component of the mind which is conscious and visible to see are the ego and superego, however the id is unconscious, hidden and is driven by things that make us feel satisfied and cannot control it due to the pleasure. Although Pi is an animal lover and would never harm anything there was an animal inside him that is demonstrated after the pressure of survival took control of his mind (ID). Pi says “It was a state of tense, breathless bored” (155). When a character is bored the id takes control to satisfy your demands. A reason that kept Pi alive is Richard Parker because Pi had to stay focused just in case he tried to attack him. To be a healthy individual you would need to have a balance between the id, ego, and the superego. In this situation if the id dominated the super ego Pi would have no reason to live since the super ego is fighting for survival. Another reason how the superego was balancing with the id is because Pi is a faithful person, he states “I was giving up. I would have given up – if a voice hadn’t made itself heard in my heart… Yes so long as God is with me, I will not die. Amen” (186). These are some reasons how the id, ego and superego altered the way Pi behaved. Pi is consciously aware of all that is going on but the unconscious mind influences his personality and behavior without him even noticing. Pi was consciously organizing carefully how he was going to salvage his food so he does not run
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