Similarities Between Medieval Japan And Medieval Europe

Decent Essays
Comparison Essay- Shogunate Japan and Medieval Europe
When people think of “Medieval”, they often relate this to Europe. However, there was once a Medieval Japan too, and this time stretched from 1185-1868 CE. During this period, Shoguns ruled Japan, and they defined it as “Medieval” because, just like Europe society in Japan at this time was feudal in structure. Medieval Europe lasted from the 5th to the 15th century, and was often referred to as Christendom, because most civilians were Christians. Although they didn’t have any direct contact with one another, there were many similarities and differences in these two times. The ones this essay will focus on are; castles, health and hygiene and the social structure.
Between castles
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In Medieval England, the streets were covered in debris and waste. Sewerage was thrown out of their windows, and often it landed straight into the river. Everything was filthy, including themselves. They bathed about twice a year, and they never seemed to realise that disease and death linked together. Their medical procedures simply used things such as leeching and bleeding. I mainly think these differences occurred because cleanliness was linked to most of the Japanese peoples’ religion. In Medieval England, it was not.
Social Structure

The Japanese social structure was a lot more complicated than the Europeans simple and permanent one. They were a lot more specific on who went where, and they had several levels of peasants. This structure was determined by looking at how much you contributed to the society, and the more you did, obviously the more important on the ranking you were. The Eta and Hinin were considered “unhuman” because they did work which went against the laws of Buddhism. In medieval Europe, the social structure was simple; if you were a peasant, there was no changing that. You were a peasant! The King was only answerable to the Pope, as during this time the Catholic Church was extremely powerful, having their say in practically everything. The difference between these two is that the Japanese simply had a ruler (the emperor), and although of course they were swayed by their religion, the Emperor had a strong say, whereas the European
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