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Social And Developmental Perspectives Of Psychology

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Phinney & Ong’s (2007) article discusses both the social and developmental perspectives of psychology in relation to the various components and measurements that are commonly used to identify ethnic identity within groups. To aid in their discussion, the researchers start by analyzing the available studies whose research effectually laid the groundwork for the development of both theoretical models and applicable assessments concerning individual and group ethnic identification, such as the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM) and the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure – Revised (MEIM-R). The purpose of this research was for the researchers to be able to draw their own conclusions regarding modern theories of ethnic identity so that…show more content…
277). However, Phinney & Ong (2007) takes the concept of social identity one step further by suggesting that a person’s ethnic identity is also a form of social identity that develops alongside the formation of both the ingroup and outgroup mentality. Therefore, individuals who feel strongly connected to their ethnic group are more likely to identify with and/or behave according to the social norms and expectations of that group. For example, in studying the differences between the multicultural theory and the social identity theory, researchers Negy, Shreve, Jensen, & Uden (2003) discovered a strong correlation between individual levels of ethnic identity and levels of ethnocentrism in both European Americans and Latino/a Americans. However, there was little to no correlation found among those who identify themselves as African American. Nevertheless, Phinney & Ong (2007) conclude that ethnic identity is multifaceted and research designs and methods should reflect the multidimensional nature of ethnic identity accordingly.
In addition to evaluating ethnic identity from a variety of psychological or behavioral perspectives, the article also discusses a number theoretical models for defining ethnic identity. As Phinney & Ong (2007) state, “a clear theoretical model, therefore, is a necessary foundation for all
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