Social Intervention Design Study

Decent Essays

O’Haire et al. (2014) conducted a study that focused on evaluating the effects of classroom based Animal-Assisted Activities (AAA) on social functioning in children with ASD. This was a multisite, control-to-intervention design study. Cluster sampling was done and placed the children into one of two groups: 1) waitlisted (n=37) or 2) non-waitlisted (n=27). An overall total of 64 children with ASD were involved in the study. The program consisted of 8 weeks of an animal exposure in the classroom in 20-minute sessions. The non-waitlisted children received the intervention first in the beginning of the school year, and then the waitlisted children received the intervention at the end of the school year. Data was collected on each session the …show more content…

Thirdly, limited data were collected regarding participant’s characteristics such as verbal ability, IQ, level of assistance in the classroom, or independent confirmation of ASD diagnosis (O’Haire et al., 2014). Further research is recommended to implement attention control of the collection of ASD traits, and suggests that appropriately designed classrooms for children with ASD receiving AAI should be implemented (O’Haire et al., 2014). Pop et al. (2016) studied the way ASD children react with dogs, and if their interactions are positive or not. Animal-assisted intervention (AAI) provides children with the opportunities for motivational, educational, recreational, and therapeutic benefits to enhance their quality of life (Pop et al., 2016). A continuous sampling method was used along with a One-Way ANOVA test. The sample size was (n=13), but only 11 children participated in the end. There were 9 boys and 2 girls. Researchers placed the children into structured sessions (SS) with the dogs and unstructured sessions (US) with the dogs. Data was collected using a GoPro Comer and a Sony Handycam. The recorded materials were viewed frame-by-frame using a focal individual analysis. The study’s findings revealed that there were no significant differences between the SS and the US groups after using the One-Way ANOVA test. Both sessions contained

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