Social Norms Of Harsher Punishments

954 WordsNov 22, 20144 Pages
Biological Perspective Some factors which may contribute to honor killings stem from biology, specifically from evolutionary drives. One such drive is sexual selection. According to Charles Darwin, animals—including humans—sometimes choose their mates based on certain traits which they find more attractive. In human males, attractive physical traits include tallness and masculinity. Psychological traits may include sexual aggressiveness. This aggressiveness is therefore more likely to be passed down to the next generation and to modern males, making them more likely to assert their control over women (Goldstein, 2002). Another related drive is that of paternal certainty. Males of any species generally want to ensure that the offspring of females with which they have reproduced are, in fact, theirs. The idea of paternal certainty ensures that males know for certain that their genetics are passed down. The fact that female fidelity within sexual relationships would allow for greater paternal certainty, whereas male fidelity would not do the same is what has led to social norms of harsher punishments for female adultery as well as norms of patriarchal control. Likewise, it explains the behavior which is used to control women (Goldstein, 2002). Psychological Factors It is also likely for psychological factors to influence the likelihood of committing honor-based violence. For instance, those who do commit honor crimes tend to show a certain type of moral reasoning. Many
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