Social Stratification

1358 Words Nov 1st, 2013 6 Pages
(Society and Culture with Population Education)

Unit IV. Social Stratification

Meaning of Social Stratification
When sociologists speak of stratification, they are referring to social inequality and social ranking, thus, stresses the differences among people.
Is an institutionalized pattern of inequality in which social categories ranked on the basis of their access to scarce resources. Is the hierarchy arrangement and establishment of social categories that evolve into social group together with statuses and their corresponding roles.
Is a system whereby people rank and evaluate each other as superior or inferior and, on the basis of such evaluations, unequally rewarded one another with wealth, authority,
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Conflict theorists view stratification as an unjust system inflicted on society by people with a monopoly of power and wealth to safeguard their own interests, advantages, and power.

Social Class as viewed by Karl Marx
1. The Bourgeoisie (Capitalist)-these are people who owned productive property such as lands, factories, and machinery. Marx regarded them parasites because they gained wealth, power, and profit through the labor of others and not through their own labor.
2. The proletariat ( worker)- this class did not have anything except their labor. Thay sell their labor to the bourgeoisie in return for a meager income. -creates much surplus value for the bourgeoisie.

In Marx view, class is determined entirely by one’s relationship to the means of production. He believes that through class consciousness- an awareness of their true class identify a revolutionary movement would likely emerge to eliminate class differences. In other words, the proletariat will organize against the bourgeoisie to attain equality.

Marx Weber’s Analysis of Social Class

1. Class

Advantages of social stratification
Greater status and economical/political holding and clout for the elite
Simple society with no hypocrisy or confusions as to people 's opinions of others ' "places" Disadvantages of social stratification
Infringement upon civil rights,

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