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Southside Community Center Literature Review

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Southside Community Center Literature Review
Samantha Tratchel
Texas State University Southside Community Center Literature Review
According the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), 549,928 people were experiencing homelessness on a single night in January 2016 (Henry, Watt, Rosenthal & Shivji, 2016). Families account for 37% of the homeless population (Holtrop, Mneil & McWey, 2015). Although the exact number of the homeless population in Hays County is currently unknown, the Hays County Food Bank (2016) reports show 25,120 residents are considered food insecure, including 8,990 children. Approximately 37 percent of the population in San Marcos lives below the federal poverty line, compared with 17.4 percent
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Homeless individuals experience poorer mental and physical health statuses along with lower life expectancies when compared to those who have stable housing (Jones, Zur, & Rosenbaum, 2015). Studies have shown families experiencing homelessness have higher levels of parental distress, elevated rates of child welfare involvement, greater incidence of parent-child separation, less social support, and an increased risk for emotional, behavioral, and developmental problems in children (Holtrop, McNeil & McWey, 2015).
Theory
Human Capital Theory
As explained by Nafukho, Hairston and Brooks (2004), human capital theory considers the training and education of individuals as an investment, and the benefits involve increased individual earnings, improved organizational productivity, and benefits to society as a whole. Benefits to society include both economic growth, and non-monetary societal benefits such as better health, less crime, and an increase in civic participation (Nafukho, Hairston, & Brooks, 2004). Homelessness can be contributed and not limited to generational poverty and homelessness, lack of education, abuse, a crisis, poor family support, mental illness, and/or substance abuse (Holtrop, McNeil, & Mcwey, 2015). Many of these issues go hand-in-hand with homeless individuals and the
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