Subjective Wellbeing Is A Fundamental Human Concern

1907 WordsApr 13, 20158 Pages
Well-being is generally referred to as the state of being with others, where a persons needs are met. It also involves being able to pursue overall goals and in turn experience a satisfactory quality of life (Wed, 2007). Subjective wellbeing, on the other hand, explores a person’s cognitive and affective evaluation of their life (Diener, Lucas & Oishi, 2002). Subjective wellbeing is believed to be achieved by attaining fulfilment, happiness and life satisfaction (Diener, et al, 2003). Subjective wellbeing is a fundamental human concern (Steel, Schmidt & Shultz, 2008), which several studies have proven personality to be one of the primary predictors of (Steel, Schmidt & Shultz, 2008). Several studies have demonstrated the importance of…show more content…
The first is known as the Behavioural Active System (BAS), and the second is referred to as the Behavioural Inhibition System (BIS) (DeNeve, et al, 1998). Gray’s (1987) concept believed BAS and BIS both worked to regulate behaviour through the existences of reward and punishment signals (DeNeve, et al, 1998). These signals would operate in trait like terms. Larsen and Ketelaar (1991) (as cited by DeNeve, et al, 1998) further hypothesized, and then later proved, BAS personalities of extraversion having an increased positive effect. While on the other hand, BIS personalities linked to neuroticism had an increased negative emotionality. By proving a positive and negative emotion varying between two different personality types, it is evident that this information reaffirms a connection between personality and subjective wellbeing. Positive emotion and personality in turn links to higher levels of subjective wellbeing However, it is believed by other theorists that there is a need for more investigation into specific cultural norms and traits. Within the study aforementioned they fail to account for traits that are not defined universally (McCrae & Costa, 1987). Due to the increase in research on subjective wellbeing throughout the 1980’s, and its relation to personality, the Satisfaction with Life Scales (1993) were developed (Diener, Emmons, Larson & Griffin, 1985). Life satisfaction refers to a
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