Summary Bradley, et al. (2014) examined the continuum of services among persons living with HIV in the United States during 2011. Data was gathered and examined from the National HIV Surveillance System (NHSS) from the United States regarding improving the care and treatment of individuals diagnosed with HIV from 2011-2013. This data was significant because the finding could ultimately assist the government with reducing new infection and related illnesses and improving the rate of viral load suppression with the assistance of antiretroviral therapy (ART). According to the authors in 2011 in the United States an estimated 1.2 million individuals were living with HIV (Bradley, et al., 2014, p. 1113). Furthermore, the authors also stated…show more content… CD4+ cells are a type of white blood cell. White blood cells are important in fighting infections (CD4+ Count, 2015).
Data from the Medical Monitoring project provided data for patients 18 years old and older, who were engaged in care, received ART prescription and managed to suppress their viral load (Bradley, et al., 2014, p. 1114). Specifically, patient HIV medical data was gathered from medical facilities that took place between January- April 2011 (Bradley, et al., 2014, p. 1114). The rate of ART prescription and viral load was documented within the participant’s medical chart preceding the survey. The authors statistical testing was conducted using the delta method (Bradley, et al., 2014, p. 1114) .
The data suggested that people 65 years old and older were more adherent with their ART prescription in comparison to their younger counterparts and managed to suppress their viral load. To further add the data also stated that male to male sexual contact had the highest rate of new diagnosis in 2011. However, as the continuum of care progressed the number of men engaged in treatment decreased by nearly 50% and hence reducing the chances of nearly half of newly diagnosed men adhering to the task of acquiring a suppressed viral load. The authors research stated that “of 15,449 people newly diagnosed with HIV in the 19