In the novel Clockwork Prince, the author always has you on the end of your seat. Cassandra Clare does this by adding romance and nail-biting events. For example, Jem proposes to Tessa, but Tessa’s heart is split into two. As a reader, you can only make assumptions of who she will choose. A cliff-hanging event usually occurs after a battle when characters get gravely injured. You don’t know if the characters will die from the wounds or if they will live. The author also does an absolute job of making you love and feel apologetic for the characters. Clare does this by getting you attached to the characters and then have you read about past events that were misfortunate. This technique is known as pathos because it arouses pity for the characters.