Summary: the World at the Beginning of the 20th Century (Stage 6 Modern History)

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Year 11 Modern History 2013 Summary: The World at the Beginning of the 20th Century Overview The world in 1900 was dominated by European powers, the industrial revolution had over the proceeding century given Europeans (specifically Western European nations such as France and Great Britain) a technological advantage over the rest of the world which these nations used to develop huge global empires under a system known as Imperialism. The late 19th and early 20th saw dramatic changes in many aspects of European life. The Nature of European Society and the Effects of Industrialization -Key features of this era included: * The unequal distribution of wealth and power * Imperialism and economic rivalries * Nationalism and…show more content…
* Britain and Germany were Europe’s industrial giants * the two nations competed for technological dominance and the economic and colonial power that could come from it * their industrial strength enabled them to impose their political, economic, social, cultural and religious influence throughout the world * Britain would eventually concede its dominance to Germany and the newly emerging industrial powers of the US and Japan * Stimulated technical innovation and encouraged the growth of advertisement * Countries that had no begun to industrialise or were making slow progress suffered from the changing balance of power that industrialisation created Urbanisation and Demographic Change: * Urbanisation is the trend for people to leave their rural environments to live and work in cities and the growth and expansion of cities that occurred as a result * Industrialisation was a major catalyst for challenge and change ^ * The nineteenth century witnessed a massive growth in number, size and population densities od cities * Rapid growth of industrial cities and ports * Cities without industry stagnated or declined * European population grew 25% between 1870 and 1900
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