Support of Hitler due to Unpopularity of the Weimar Governments
After the 1929 Wall StreetCrash, the Weimar Republic was faced with a series of challenges which they failed to solve, resulting in their unpopularity. However, Hitler's support grew during the years after the Crash between 1929 and 1933 when he was ordained Chancellor.
The crash of the American stock market in 1929 resulted in international economical depression. Germany was hit especially hard as the American businessmen who had loaned German banks money under the Dawes plan in 1924 now wanted it back as they were now in debt themselves.
For the Weimar Government, this caused great problems. It caused inflation, and the …show more content…
The treaty also prevented Germany from following the example of other European countries in using rearmament as a way to fight unemployment. The army could been used to combat the street battles between the Police, Communist Red Fighting League and Nazi SA, restoring law and order to the streets of Germany which many Germans wanted. A strong army would also have given the impression to the people that the Weimar government was still in control, and not the powerless and indecisive government unable to save Germany from its problems that to many Germans it looked like, a result of the democratic Weimar constitution.
The democratic constitution using proportional representation led to a collection of small, individually-powerless parties sharing power. This prevented the government from making any quick and decisive decisions, stopping them from dealing with a problem initially before it grew too uncontrollable. For example the problem of the anti-government army leaders and judges who were mainly right-wing nationalists. They let off right-wing offenders lightly, like Hitler after the Munich Putsch in 1923 when he attempted to take over Bavaria, which allowed Hitler to later become Fuhrer instead of his life-imprisonment.
However, the Nazi party began to appeal to a wide range of
On April 20, 1889, Adolf Hitler was born in Braunau Am Inn, Austria to Alois Hitler and Klara Pölzl. In the early days of Hitler’s life, he was an unrestrained and carefree child who lived a happy life. His mother was very caring and affectionate towards him while his father spent most of his time either at work or following his hobby of keeping bees. Hitler had an older brother named Alois Hitler Jr. and an older sister named Angela, and a few years after he was born his mom gave birth to another son named Edmund and another sister named Paula. After his father retired and Hitler started to go to school his life began to change. He was no longer able to live his previous carefree lifestyle and now his strict father was going to be watching
The Collapse of Weimar and the Rise of Hitler In 1919, a defeated Germany was forced to abandon government under the Kaiser, who had fled to Belgium and adopt the Weimar, a democratic but flawed system. Soon after Hitler and the Nazi Party appeared, and years later the Weimar Republic fell. What accounted for the fall of the Weimar? My essay will prove that there was not a single reason, but in fact a series of events that lead to the collapse of the Weimar. President Ebert used the Freikorp, who were a rightwing mercenary unit, to put down the Spartacus uprising, a communist inspired revolution.
Hitler also brought his country out of an economic depression. The German depression was caused mainly by the Treaty of Versailles, and its detrimental economic impact on Germany. Basically, Germany was forced to pay for all damages caused by the First World War. Hitler’s policies that helped the German economy were part of his Third Reich. Hitler’s Third Reich led to one of the greatest expansions of industrial production and civil improvement in German history. This success was mainly due to the expansion of the military and the expansion of the money supply through deficit spending.
According to Abc.News, Germany had signed the debts to pay 269 million gold marks and around 96,000 tons of gold in Treaty of Versailles during 1919. The debts were unaffordable for Germans since they had also lost a lot of properties during the Great War. Followed along the debts that they had to pay to the Allies, there were the Great Depression. During 1930, the Great Depression occurs. “The total number of German workers involved in the unemployment easily reaches four million”(20,000,000 Unemployed in World," Revolutionary Age). Germans were frustrated with the government. Germans were ravenous and overwhelmed. Under this circumstances, the hopeless Germans started to believe that Hitler was the man who could bring the glory of Germany back. The propaganda poster below has shown that people were tiresome of trusting the government. The German words translated into English was “Our Last Hope— Hitler”. It indicated that Hitler was the last person as a leader they were going to believe. The poster enlarged the name “Hitler” to emphasize his importance, to attract attention, and to encourage people to join the Nazi Party.
This was the longest and most severe slump ever to hit the industrialized world, which lasted through most of the 1930s. The Great Depression caused mass unemployment, wide spread poverty and despair. The German economy was especially vulnerable since it was built out of foreign capital, owing mostly to debts to the United States and was very dependent on foreign trade. Adolf Hitler knew his opportunity had arrived to strengthen extreme political movements that promised to end the economic problems.
Although both documents express similar ideologies, the documents were written due to different conditions. Hitler’s ideas expressed in “Mein Kampf” evolved from his hatred of Jews and enmity of the German parliament; on the other hand, “Kokutai No Hongi” ideas resulted from the oligarchy’s need to maintain their status and Japanese assimilation of European and American cultures. Hitler provided inspiration and hope to most Germans that were dissatisfied with the government and the aftermath of World War I. The “Cardinal Principles of the National Entity of Japan” pandered to their Samurai heritage and their discontent with West as a result of the Great Depression. The ideas in both documents would persuade any westerner, specifically American and British, to the same extend as it did with Germans and Japanese, to tirelessly support war.
The Treaty of Versailles could be described as a great step for peace by some, but in Germany the people were enraged. The Treaty of Versailles was seen by the German people as a way to take away Germany’s land and make Germany have to pay for the war. Extreme Nationalists like Adolf Hitler had a strong idea on who should be the blame for Germany’s loss of land and the failure at the Treaty of Versailles. Adolf Hitler and the Nazism party blamed the Weimar Republic. “Hitler and the Nazi Party gained power in Germany by exploiting the economic problems and constitutional weaknesses of the Weimar Republic.”
The collapsement of the Weimar Republic was due to many social, political and economical issues within. From its birth it faced numerous political problems, for which the causes were many and varied. These problems included political instability, deep divisions within society and economic crisis; problems were constantly appearing for the new government. The Weimar Republic never really had a stable political party, having a whole six different parties between 1924-1928 does not create stability. Many of these parties were also narrowly sectioned, with messed up
In the following investigation, the following question will be addressed: In what ways did economic and political issues in Germany between 1922 and 1932 contribute to Hitler's rise to power? The scope of my research will fall between the years of 1922-1932, the start of Hitler’s attempt to run for office. A variety of primary and secondary sources will be used to answer the question. The bitterness caused upon the change of government systems in Germany will be analyzed, along with his childhood that all primarily drove Hitler to run for power. Then, the harsh effects World War I had on Germany along with the Great Depression that followed as a result will also be looked at. Finally, a conclusion will be reached.
<br>The stock market crash of 1929 effected practically every nation in the world. Germany was already suffering a post-war depression and was greatly effected. Hitler used the suffering of the masses to gain political support. He gained a strong following from the
The economy appeared to have stabalised with the introduction of the Dawes Plan. Before 1924, Germany was experiencing hyperinflation. The old Papiermark was rapidly depreciating and so Germany had to print more and more of it to pay reparations. By December 1922
German history is seen as a ‘painful issue for thousands of Germans and other Europeans’ . However it has interested many historians over the years into inquiring how and why Hitler came to power and how much of this was to do with the failure of parliamentary democracy in Germany. To fully ascertain to what extent these events have in common and what reasons led to the fall of democracy and rise of the Nazis, each have to be looked at individually. Also it seems beneficial, to be able to evaluate these in the relevant context, to look at the situation in Germany was in prior to 1920.
The Dawes Plan was an attempt from America in 1924 to collect reparations from Germany they couldn’t pay unaided. In order to increase chances of reparations being paid, Germany would be paid 800 million marks from the US and the Ruhr area was to be evacuated by allied troops among other main points issued. The Dawes Plan was undoubtedly to some extent a turning point for Germany, as it did dramatically improve Germany’s economy, politics and culture. However, some might say it led Germany to even worse conditions by depending too much on the US. Although the Dawes Plan was not a a significant turning point for Germany, in the short term it really upgraded everything in Weimar Germany.
Hitler's rise to power was the result of many factors, but Hitler's ability to take advantage of Germany's poor leadership and economical and political conditions was the most significant factor. His ability to manipulate the media and the German public whilst taking advantage of Germany's poor leadership resulted in both the collapse of the Weimar Republic and the rise of Hitler and the nazi party. During the early 1920s, Germany was struggling with economic instability and political uncertainty. Germany, after being defeated in the Great War, was forced to sign the unforgiving treaty of Versailles, which the Weimar Republic was held responsible for. This brought