Essay on Systems Thinking in the Twenty-First Century

2743 Words 11 Pages
Systems thinking is an important factor in solving global problems. The twentieth-century has witnessed the development of a systems paradigm and different spheres of systems knowledge. However, further development of systems thinking necessitates overcoming the contradictions between different schools and unifying them into a single systems conception. With this in mind, systems problems are examined in light of the theory of knowledge. It is suggested that the gnosiological definition of the notion 'system' should be used as a basis for a single approach. An analysis of the concept 'system' leads to a logically well-structured conception of system. It follows from this that, in addition to the general theory of systems and the systems …show more content…
But in order to do that, a systems paradigm itself should find harmony.

Changes of a Paradigm of Knowledge in the Twentieth Century

The thirties and fifties of the 20th century marked a turning point in science and philosophy. Many outstanding intellectuals realised the mounting crisis. Numerous works contained a formulation of contradictions between the new goals of science and the methods available. It became obvious that the fragmentation of science and the tragic of absence of a common language lacked a perspective.

At the same time, several works, although not declaring a new paradigm, already became the sources that were filling up its stream (E. Husserl, A.S. Lotka, P.K. Anokhin, W. Weaver, N. Wiener and others). In Russia a project of "General Organising Science (Tektology)" was put forward (A.A. Bogdanov, 1913, 1922). But the success to advance an idea that would become a determining paradigm of the 20th century fell on L. von Bertalanffy (1945).

It was suggested to seek the settling of the crisis in the following directions:

(1) It is necessary to change the object of research - to turn to "Lebenswelt", "back to things", to examine "organism", "organised complexity".

(2) One should search for regularities of the complexity at each level of the organisation of objects of reality, without descending to physical origins and striving to reductionism.

(3) It can
Open Document