Hundreds of Crimean Tatars launched a blockade of roads from Ukraine to the Crimean peninsula to protest Russia’s annexation of the Crimean peninsula. With help of the members of the Ukrainian ultra-nationalist Pravy Sektor group, the protesters used concrete blocks to partially seal off the three roads linking mainland Ukraine to Crimea in order to halt the delivery of goods. Tatar leaders said they were aiming to block supplies to protest the "numerous violations of their rights by Russian authorities"."Our goal is to end the occupation of Crimea and to restore the territorial integrity of Ukraine," Refat Chubarov, one of the expelled leaders of the Crimean Tatar community, told journalists. Dozens of trucks were backed up at the crossing …show more content…
The Tatar community of Crimea were exiled under orders of Stalin to Central Asia during World War II, with almost half perishing in harsh conditions. They were only allowed to return to Crimea at the end of Soviet rule. The demonstrators said they hope their actions would help pressure on the members of the community, secure the release of detained Tatar activists and see restrictions on Tatar media lifted. Between 10,000 and 15,000 members of the Tatar community (which has its own distinct language and culture) are thought to have fled Crimea ever since the Russian flag was raised on the peninsula.
Ukrainian President, Petro Poroshenko, later said on national television that he would raise the issue of "the rights of the Tatars of Crimea" at the General Assembly of the United Nations later this month.
Despite the annexation by Moscow, Crimea (linked to Russia by only an over-burdened ferry link) is reliant on Ukraine for most of its energy and food supplies. The region has been subjected to tough sanctions by the West that have seen it cut off from international banking systems and Western firms pull
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Russia, as a country, has had a long and proud history. However, for a small time starting in 1917, things started to take a turn for the worse. There was widespread famine, disease, and killing by the instituted government. There was also no Russia. Instead, there was the glorious United Soviet Socialist Republics, or the USSR. This new country did not come around peacefully, but instead under the 1917 Russian Revolution and the revolting communist Bolsheviks. The Russian people were not in a better condition after the Russian revolution due to Stalin’s leadership of his country; the reason being the GULAGs that Stalin was sending his people to, the communes that the peasants were sent to, and the disastrous effects of his five year plans.
In 2014, Russia captured the Crimea and Sevastopol, and unfurled tens of thousands of troops near Ukraine border. This is where the conflict flashed between pro-Russian separatists and the new government in Kiev. Russia's actions, including reported military aid for separatist troops, mark a serious major threat to generally accepted principles of world order, such as, sovereignty and
Yet, the repression of the forced deportation of nearly one million Chechens in the last week of February 1944 is considered to be the most salient to the common sense of distrust held by Chechens of Moscow’s rule (Nikolaev & Malashenko, 2004; Tishkov, 2004; Jaimoukha, 2005; Gammer, 2006). Thousands are thought to have died during the forced relocation to the Central Asian Soviet Socialist Republics (SSRs) and the eventual repatriation to Chechnya from 1957 to 1960 resulted in even further alienation as ethnic Russians who had taken control of the homesteads and farms of Chechen deportees resisted their return violently (Tishkov, 2004). Valery Tishkov, a renowned Russian ethnographer, explains, “The theme of deportation and its untold suffering dominated Chechen political discourse…and later [was the topic of] youth pop songs….People began to believe that to end any continuing discrimination against them, the Chechens had to assume control over the republic,” (2004, p. 32). The culmination of hundreds of years of common suffering, the forced deportation and repatriation resonates today as primary source of Chechen defiance of Russian rule.
the current event that have happened in crimea have left the world watching, wondering what is going to happen next. russian forces have invaded crimea and is currently trying to annex crimea. Crimea, which has a population that is about 60 percent Russian, was transferred from Russia to Ukraine in 1954, when both states were part of the Soviet Union. Crimea is also home to 300,000 Tatars, Turkic Muslims who suffered horribly under Stalin during Soviet times. They are almost all opposed to Crimea's union with Russia, and most boycotted the referendum. Recently Ukraine’s intelligence services identified Russian intelligence forces are targeting the pivotal parts of Ukraine’s government from within Russia. additionally SBU or Security Service of Ukraine identified that the Russian Black Sea Fleet was securing the presence of Russian secret services, national interests, and control over the direction of Ukraine’s political and military
“For the Chechens, the years of exile from 1944 to 1957 tempered in them that steely national discipline…the memory of the deportation became the central defining event in modern Chechen history” (Lieven, 1998, p. 321). The deportation and exile of the Chechens from their homeland is important both because it explains, to some degree, the deep hatred for Russia and
The Ukraine was suspected of Rebellion early on and in order to keep their people from organizing, much like in Orson Well’s 1984, Stalin had ordered the intellectuals of the villages to be removed and either executed or put into prison camps he had set up to keep the rest of the people from gathering a rebellion.
Most of them were leaving their home lands, because they had no identity and they were suppose to leave for better life and shelter.. Stalin was not aiming only to move Chechens from their lands and German conquest, but additionally to destroy their ethnic identity. During Stalin’s period Chechnya was deleted from maps, and their cultural monuments were
Examples of these sentiments include the anti-immigration protests staged by the ultranationalists in Moscow in 2010 and 2011. Hundreds of residents marched in Moscow in April 2011 protesting against the government funds that are directed towards economic subsidies for the region. The main issue is that most of the residents from the North Caucasus region are discriminated economically and face xenophobic prejudices in Russia. This means they are socially and economically alienated increasing their likelihood of joining the Islamist insurgents. The fact that they face xenophobic sentiments as a community makes it more difficult for them to advance economically and socially. The outcome is a strong positive outlook towards joining the terrorist group as a way of gaining social relevance. The youth who are exposed to xenophobic tendencies are considered a threat to peace by most people in Russia and other areas neighboring Chechnya and the North Caucasus region. Due to the social discrimination and the perceived injustices, youths in Chechnya and the North Caucasus region are highly vulnerable to radicalization and recruitment into the terrorist
The two countries, Russia and Ukraine, had different reactions towards the armed violence and impeachment of the Ukrainian president. Although the majority of the Ukrainians opposed Viktor’s decision to procrastinate the signing the EU-Ukraine integration agreement, all the ex-presidents accused for its interference with the affairs of Crimean. The former presidents of Ukraine, including Leonid Kravchuk and Leonid Kuchma described the present crisis as Russia’s political interventions designed to interfere with the internal affairs of Ukraine and its relationship with the European Union (Hanschke 1). The people of Crimea have not been seeking for secession from Ukraine, but their interest is to have extended autonomy and rights to govern the Crimean affairs with minimum involvement of the government of Ukraine. Russia, on the other hand, have dismissed the accusation and stated that it is pursuing the interest of the people of Crimea to join the Federation of Russia. Russia holds that the people of Crimea have the power to decide the future of their territory and Russia will be ready to respect their decision. Study shows that about 90
The circumstances reach a climax during World War II, when the Chechens collaborated with the Nazi-Germany invaders, who exchanged the Chechens a chance at freedom for information to defeat and occupy Russian territories. After Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union, received word of this betrayal, he ordered a massive deportation of Chechens to the regions of Kazakhstan and Siberia. Stalin punished the Chechens severely out of fear; these Soviet Union regions, such as Chechnya, provided a wall of protection for the internal “Russian” region, where their political system and strength lied. When the negotiation between the Nazi’s and the Chechens ensued, Stalin feared that Germany’s hope to destroy the Soviet Union Empire could be realized. To prevent the fall of the Soviet Union, it is estimated that Stalin deported between 400,000 and 800,000 Chechens to collective farms in Kazakhstan and other regions. The harsh conditions of their forced migration took the lives of an estimated 100,000 Chechens. While the Chechens were allowed to return home in 1956 after the death of Joseph Stalin, Chechnya is still a region of political turmoil due to the anti-Russian and pro-nationalism mentalities of the Chechens, as well as conflict over oil
While the Crimean question remained subdued for a long time, in September 2008 it was brought back into the forefront of global politics when the Ukrainian Foreign Minister Volodymyr Ohryzko accused Russia of giving out Russian passports to the population in the Crimea and described it as a "real problem" given Russia's declared policy of military intervention abroad to protect Russian citizens.
The conflict between the Ukraine and Russia is the Ukraine's most long-standing and deadly crisis; since its post-Soviet independence began as a protest against the government dropping plans to forge closer trade ties with the European Union. The conflict between Russia and the Ukraine stems from more than twenty years of weak governance, the government’s inability to promote a coherent executive branch policy, an economy dominated by oligarchs and rife with corruption, heavy reliance on Russia, and distinct differences between Ukraine's population from both Eastern and Western regions in terms of linguistics, religion and ethnicity (Lucas 2009).
This research paper aims to address issues relating primarily to the Russian annexation of Crimea in 2014. Annexation in itself brings forth an array of issues under international law, and the problem this paper looks into is whether the acquisition of the Crimean territory by the Russian Federation was valid in terms of international law, as well as analysing the arguments brought forward by Russia in defence of its actions leading up to the annexation of the Crimean territory. Aspects relating to the use of force principle will be critically discussed, as well as issues relating to infringement of state sovereignty.
Russia invaded the territory of Ukraine in 2014. After the fall of the President of Ukraine as well as the protests of Euromaidan, Russia decided to take control of infrastructure and strategic areas within Ukraine. Russia joined Crimea after a disproved vote which resulted in Crimeans voting to join the Federation of Russia following official results. Therefore, pro-Russian groups organized demonstrations in the region of Donbass in Ukraine which intensified into armed conflict between the government of the Ukraine and the forces that were backing Russia which were Lugansk and Donetsk. The forces had
By first attacking and annexing Crimea with stealth powers and after moving into and possessing eastern parts of Ukraine, Putin was sending clear flags to his neighbors that endeavors to democratize, change, and incorporate all the more intimately with Western establishments like the European Union would not be allowed. Crimea is currently part of The Ukraine however