Essay on Taxes

1185 Words5 Pages
The federal and state governments provide the American citizens with all of the basic necessities within our communities and society that is taken for granted. Programs responsible for assistance in times of need, providing a quality standard of living, and maintaining the strongest military in the world costs incomprehensible amounts of money and could never exist without taxes from the American people. Taxes are payments made by individuals and businesses to support the government and its services. The constitution grants that congress “shall have the power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts, and excises and to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the people”. Taxes paid by Americans redistribute…show more content…
The top 1 percent of the wealthiest people in the U.S. pay a total of over 40 percent of all federal income taxes, which is more than the entire bottom 95 percent of all tax payers. Government programs are funded through Social Insurance Taxes that are the fastest growing source of federal income though it’s actually counted separately in special trust funds by the Treasury. Both federal and state governments combine these taxes that are used to pay for social programs such as social security, Medicare, and unemployment services. This type of taxation is a regressive tax, since lower income people end up paying more from their income than those with a higher income. Another federal tax is the excise tax, better considered a luxury tax for non-necessities, which include things like liquor, cigarettes, gas, and highways. Taxes that are imposed on imported goods so that there’s less foreign competition on the domestic market are called customs duties.
States have their own taxes to support their programs. States have the power on any taxes that don’t infringe the powers of the federal government or interfere with interstate or international business. State taxes vary from state to state, and rely mostly on income tax, property tax, and sales tax. New Hampshire has the largest percentage of property taxes going towards revenue at a whopping 61 percent. Washington relies on sales tax for 61%

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