The Adolescent Years of the Twentieth Century The years 1912 to 1925 were a transformative period in our world’s history full of new discoveries, brutal warfare, and the liberation of women within society. This era contained the first wave of the feminist movement, World War I, the sinking of the titanic, and many other events that have influenced both the modernist and the postmodernist movement as well as the ideologies of our society. This analysis will provide a history of World War I and its cultural influences for decades to come. During the 19th and early 20th century tensions within Europe between Serbia and the former Austro-Hungarian nation were running at an all-time high. In 1876, Serbia went to war with Turkey and conquered Bosnia, an area inhabited by a majority of Serbians. Two years later at the Congress of Berlin, Bosnia was given back to Turkey under Austria’s protection.
In 1878, Serbia was declared an independent state with the signing of the Treaty of San Stefano. Attempting to gain economic independence for Serbia within the Balkan region, Serbia began to trade with Bulgaria and France exporting pork to these nations. This enraged the Austro-Hungarians and led to an embargo on Serbian goods in Austria-Hungary, which was subverted by selling its pork to France through Bosnia and eventually led to what is now known as the Pig War between the two nations. This conflict peaked
after the Bosnia Crisis of 1908, when Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia to
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The 1950’s brought about the beginning of teen culture. The phrase, “teenager”, had only recently been invented but the word was already developing more weight and meaning. To be a teen encompassed the soul of rebellion. The formative years were a warp in the usual fast pace of life, a pause between childhood and adulthood. That pause was uncomfortable and foreign. It gave kids a chance to think and feel before being thrust into The Real World. That small break was enough for the seed of self-expression to slip through, and music is the ultimate form of self-expression. The birth of rock and roll, the constant threat of the cold war, the inescapable prison of segregation, and the chance to stop
The start to the feud concerning Serbia and Austria commenced when Serbia was ruled by the Turkish Ottoman Empire, while Austria-Hungary was a chief European power. In 1815 the Serbs effectively campaigned against and rebelled, and in 1835 they proclaimed their own individual constitution. Austria-Hungary, a dynastic empire consisted of countless diverse races whom were petrified of the 'panslavism',” the nationalism by which the Slav races of the Balkans desired to set up their own nation-states”. Austria-Hungary observed Serbia as the leading vilest, example of this. Austria-Hungary loathed Serbia . Then in 1876 Serbia declared war with Turkey and took over the acreage of Bosnia, an area of the Balkans where many Serbs lived in the
Serbia was upset of Bosnia being placed under Austrian rule because of their devotion to Slavic nationalism, and Austria was aware of their disappointment and unhappiness. Austria suggested eliminating Pan-Slavism because they were worried about the idea of Serbian terrorists in their country because of Serbia's aggression towards them. Austria was aware that Bosnia favored Slavic nationalism just like Serbia. Austria-Hungary could have avoided intervening in the social and political ideas of getting rid of Slavic nationalism and being oppressive to the Serbian people. By sending an Austrian political figure to Serbia during the turmoil was an unintelligent action for Austria to make because it was a fact that the Archduke's life would be put in danger and that he would most likely be killed. The Austrian government even expressed how the atmosphere created by the malicious agitation in Serbia sprang up a series of murderous attacks on high functionaries of the Monarchy, which ended in the execrable crime against the exalted person of the heir to the throne, the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, which had been carefully prepared in Serbia(The Austro-Hungarian Red Book). Austria knew that Serbia
"I hope she 'll be a fool — that 's the best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool . . . You see, I think everything 's terrible anyhow . . . And I know. I 've been everywhere and seen everything and done everything." (The Great Gatsby, pg. 20) There was a loss of innocence, disillusionment and lack of faith in the American Dream. This became the movement known as Modernism. WWI was the first “total war” in which modern weapons spared no one. The casualties suffered by the participants in World War I dwarfed those of previous wars. The armed forces continued to use old tactics, but had modern weaponry that of which caused a major number of casualties. This war left American’s with a scar on their hearts, and in their minds. WWI changed the game completely, and after the massacres that occurred during the war, and the complete and utter destruction that was left behind, caused uproar in American values and principles. This was the start and basis for the Modernist movement.
In this treaty Serbia lost control of the Adriatic coast and Albania was made an independent state, however they did gain control of central and northern Macedonia. They felt this was inadequate and blamed Austria-Hungary for their loss of land. This was a significant factor in the hostility between the two sides as it made Austria-Hungary fear Serbian growth and angered Serbia as they felt that whenever they made gains of land in the Balkans the Austrians would thwart it.
World War I is one of the most tragic and glorious war’s there has been, with the exception of World War II. World War I was the first time when various nations joined together to defeat another set of nations, it symbolizes the beginning of international relations, communication and unity between countries. Kimberly Jensen’s book, Mobilizing Minerva: American Women in the First World War, illustrates the challenges women had to do face to help win the war for the Allies and how suffrage was not only at home.
War is often followed by change; World War I is no exception. World War I is often labeled the cause for the rise of a feminine revolution-“the flapper”. Before the term “flapper” began to describe the “young independently-minded woman of the early Twenties” (Mowry 173), the definition that is most prominent today, it had a 300-year long history. The young woman of the 1920’s was new and rebellious. In her appearance and demeanor, she broke the social constructs of her society.
Released in 1985, The Breakfast Club depicts five high school students from Illinois as they spend a Saturday together in detention. Prior to their arrival, John Bender, Claire Standish, Andy Clark, Brian Johnson, and Allison Reynolds had not met, nor would they have associated with one another on a typical day in high school. After spending nine hours together, however, the group of vastly different adolescents break down emotional barriers, manage to build a sense of intimacy, and some establish dating relationships by the day’s end (Hughes et al., 1985). The film illustrated a rather realistic portrait of adolescence in several topical domains.
Throughout world history, there have been countless numbers of war that each occurred under very different circumstances for the countries participating. However, each war commonly took the lives of millions, breaking apart families and destroying cities. The 1900’s was a very unique time period because of the dramatic changes in warfare. New weapons were gradually introduced that increased the amount of damage that could be done with each addition. Over time cannons were replaced by machine guns and eventually nuclear weapons were experimented with. As stronger weapons were introduced, death tolls increased drastically. From the years 1910 to 1990, women across the globe passionately took stands not only against war, but against the extremities of the nuclear arms race.
As the decades change so do the teens. Teenagers from the 1960’s won’t exactly have the same ways of thinking or ways of speaking. The way of life back then was completely different and that has an impact on teens today. Old ways are thrown out and newer ones are brought in, attitudes change. Advance technology changes the way we interact with others compared to the 1960’s. The health concerns may or may not be the same as the health concerns in the year 2014. With teens changing constantly, how will the next generation of teens be like?
World War I had a more profound effect on society than wars prior. With new deadly weapons, like poison gas, high death tolls, and the first occurrence of total war, shocked the world, tearing people between the modern and the tradition. Traditional society was torn down by the destruction of the war. As with most literary movements, writers reflect the world
Teenagers are more than capable of achieving great tasks in the future as well as causing great destruction with every skill stapled in their mind as they grow. Good and evil will determine the effects of which path a young mind its taught so that’s why parents must educated well with good intensions for a better future. The age of a teenager shows history how it transformed the world including the United States by family values, the high school, and dangerous adolescences etc. What teenagers did was start a fashion changing the world and its rules, becoming rebellious toward their parents values for
ABC-CLIO writes, “Other ethnic groups dreamed of forming their own homelands” (Unraveling the Causes of World War I). The German unification caused Germany became one of the strongest European countries in Europe. German’s were proud of their military power and industrial leadership. Other ethnic groups, like the French, longed to regain its place of Europe’s leading power. The French were bitter of their loss in the Franco-Prussian war and the German occupation of Alsace and Lorraine. They were eager for revenge against Germany and win back their lost provinces. The Slavs were another ethnic group that dreamed of forming their own homelands. The Balkans had a dream of unifying all of the Slavic states. In 1878, Serbia gained independence from the Ottoman Empire. At that time, Serbia decided to claim to several regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina which were inhabited primarily by Serbs. However, the Congress of Berlin granted permission to Austria-Hungary to occupy Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the other disputed Serbian areas. In 1908, Austria-Hungary officially annexed all of Bosnia and Herzegovina, adding more fuel to the fires of Serbian nationalism. So when the Archduke was assassinated in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Austria reacted quickly, as it was seen as the Empire's last chance to proclaim its superiority in the Balkans. Count Leopold von Berchtold, the Austrian foreign minister was determined to make use of the
 Austria was what stood in the way of progress of the Serbian nation. Serbia was a direct threat to the survival of the multinational Austrian Empire and for that reason Austria felt it necessary to thwart Serbia's plans for growth and development. The Serbs desired more land, especially a coastline with an all important sea port, Austria denied them this by, in the peace treaty of 1912, creating a new country between Serbia and the coast, Albania. Austria also had Imperial control over several Slavic states, to which she denied national self-determination. The annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina by