The Affordable Health Care Act

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The Affordable Health Care Act was designed to help Americans gain increased access to healthcare, improve the quality of healthcare, and decrease the overall cost of receiving health care. “The changing epidemiology of the nation and its impact on the cost of healthcare became one of the major drivers of healthcare reform in the United States,” (Mason et al., 2016, p. 275). Accountable care models were also introduced to improve the quality of healthcare and improve the costs of healthcare. In the primary care setting, it is difficult to maintain quality care for patients with chronic conditions. Many limitations to quality care include: decreased availability of team members, time management, and individual care planning. This has been …show more content…

Eighty-six percent of health care costs are in chronic disease prevention and treatment. About forty-two million adults smoke, seventy-eight million adults are obese, and thirty-eight million adults consume alcohol excessively. This accounts for over six hundred thousand deaths per year due to these factors alone (BlueCross BlueShield, 2017). According to Mason et al., chronic conditions are the number one cause of death in the United States (Mason et al., 2016 p. 275). These chronic illnesses include pulmonary disease, arthritis, kidney disease, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, neurological disease, alcoholism, mental health disorders, gastroenterology conditions, lupus, liver disease, cancers, and many more. While some conditions have uncontrollable risk factors such as age, genetics, gender, and race, society has a large contribution to these poor health conditions as well. Tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug use, physical and emotional stress, lack of exercise, sleep deprivation, and poor dietary choices all increase the chance of developing a chronic illness. For patients with chronic conditions, costs, even with insurance, can add up very quickly with numerous doctor’s visits, emergency room visits, and hospital admissions. The CDC (2016), states, “Treating people with chronic diseases accounts for 86% of the nation’s health care costs” (Center of Disease Control and Prevention, 2016). Despite the amount of time and money spent preventing and treating

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