The Atlantic And The Indian Oceans

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Moreover, this peninsula gave Russia access to the Mediterranean Sea and from there to both the Atlantic and the Indian Oceans. In order to get this strategic objective, Russia conducted a very complex operation that shook the whole world and changed the way the international security is viewed. However, it was not only the capabilities of the Russian Army planners and troops that made the operation a success. Multiple factors played a crucial role and ultimately facilitated the seizure of the Crimean Peninsula. Understanding these factors is very important, especially for countries that Russia considers as being within its “interest “zone, like Georgia, Moldova, etc. The following paragraphs explain the factors and how they facilitated…show more content…
Among these tribes were Mongols and the Byzantines. Golden Horde, the Tatars, settled in Crimea in the 15th century. The Tatars are considered Crimean natives. Although they later became Turkish vassals, they remained very powerful and culture oriented. (Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia 2013, 12). Until the Stalin era, the peninsula had been invaded by other countries, like Russia and Germany (in World War 1). However, it became part of the USSR in 1921. Same as the other Soviet Republics, the native population was sent to other parts of the USSR, while native Russians were brought to the peninsula. The purpose was obvious – Russification (a form of cultural assimilation of a nation, making them pro-Russian) of the occupied or annexed territory (Ahsan 2015, 27). While in the Soviet Union, Crimea became part of the Russian Republic in 1945. Later, it was transferred to Ukraine in 1954 and remained part of it after the collapse of the Soviet Union. All these historical facts are important because they show how much different all the countries that conquer, colonized or annexed the peninsula were. Furthermore, all these countries, especially USSR, were trying to influence and even displace the population. By the end of WWII, only 25% of the local population were Tatars and in 2001 even worse – only 12% of the total population were Tatars. Meanwhile, the percentage of Russians increased to 59% (Piticar 2014, 439). According to the above demographics, in
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