Trade during colonial America was done between Europe, Africa, and the New World. They traded food, natural resources, animals, and slaves. History proves to show that trade highly increases economies and through the Triangular Trade route the economy of the colonies shot up. It was really easy for colonists to buy slaves from Africa and have them shipped across the Middle Passage just as easy as it was to be over an indentured servant. As stated above, colonists preferred slaves over indentured servants, so they chose African slaves. This allowed for a rapid growth in the number of slaves within the British North American colonies that increased trade and economic power for the colonies.
It took place across the Atlantic Ocean from the 15th to the 19th centuries. It was a trade of human beings from African societies who were shipped across the Atlantic Ocean to the Americas. About 1.8 million people died during the Atlantic Slave Trade due to harsh conditions on the ship. Furthermore, many others perished during the process of capture and transport to the African coast done by the middle men. Slaves were kept in dungeon fortresses and suffered horrid living conditions while waiting to be sent out to sea on boats headed for America. Both on the forts and the ships, they were kept in dirty, dark rooms with little moving space and almost no food and drink. They were usually kept in chains and forced to lie on their backs. The transatlantic slave trade is sometimes known as the "Triangular Trade" because it was trade among three ports or regions. The voyages were from Europe to Africa, from Africa to the Americas, and from the Americas back to Europe. The raw materials and natural resources like rice, tobacco, cotton and sugar that were found in the Americas were brought to Europe. Europe then brought manufactured products such as cloth, beads and guns to Africa in exchange for slaves who were brought to the Americas. This voyage impacted the world. Africa became a permanent part of the interacting Atlantic world and millions of people were
Africans were brought to the Americas through the Transatlantic Slave Trade to make up for the labor shortage created after the Native Americans died (doc 1). Most slaves became workers on plantations which allowed the New World to produce raw materials which would later be traded with Europe (doc 1). However, the increase of raw materials, such as sugarcane, resulted in the New World becoming a part of an international trade (doc 2). This allowed them to gain access to raw materials, such as Indigo rice tobacco coffee cocoa and cotton (doc 2). So even though slaves were forcibly brought to the Americas, the increase in slave labor resulted in an overall increase of trade between Europe and the
One of the biggest effects of the Trans-Atlantic trade was slavery. The Europeans immigrating to the New World carried many diseases such as smallpox that the Indians were never exposed to, and were subsequently
Triangular trade also brought negative things to the three continents involved. Infectious diseases were introduced to the Americas from Europe. Like smallpox, Malaria, and Measles which killed many Native Americans because they had not built any immunities to the new diseases. The Yellow fever came over from Africa to the Americas from the Atlantic Slave Trade. But the Black Death had the most casualties killing more Native Americans than any newly introduced disease. Christopher Columbus also traveled to Europe with diseases like syphilis. Despite all of these issues the economy was still able to grow to heights that were previously
With the European discovery of the New World, African slave trade began to grow. Slaves were traded and bought and then shipped to some other place and then sold. Europeans would trade things for slaves then bring them to places like the West Indies and sell them. They would then buy goods and bring the goods back to Europe. This was the triangular trade system. Slaves played a vital role in trade all over the world, old and new. Although African slavery had already existed, there were many reasons as to why it was needed during the Atlantic World and there were many effects of this.
The triangular trade was the trade routes between Europe, Africa and the Americas. While the Americas were trading raw materials to the Europeans, they took those raw materials and used them to make finished goods and sold them back to the Americas to make a profit (Doc 7). As the Europeans were selling goods, they also were spreading something far worse than a decaying economy, disease. In Doc 9, the Aztecs were affected by a disease from the Europeans. Many Aztecs died because of the spread of smallpox and starvation because of the disease.
The Triangular trade was a trade system among Europe, Africa, and the Americas. Europe made manufactured goods such as textiles, gun powder, firearms, iron and copper bars, alcohol, cloth and brass kitchen ware. These were traded in Africa for slaves, gold, and silver, which were transported to the Americas, where they were exchanged for tobacco, fish, lumber, flour, sugar cane, cotton, and distilled rum. This merchandise was then brought to Europe, where the cycle began again. The Triangle Trade was very
Across the ocean, ships sailed to trade goods and people, along with sharing ideas and diseases. The Columbian Exchange was a transatlantic exchange of goods, diseases, people, and ideas between Europe, Africa, and the Americas. These commodities and theories were spread through exploration from the late 1400s and throughout the age of discovery. Though this exchange was mainly for the purpose of Europeans, the impact fell on a much larger range. The native peoples of both Africa and the Americas gradually involved themselves within this transatlantic trade. The Columbian Exchange had originally developed as an exchange of goods and peoples, however it additionally expanded into an exchange of disease and ideas.
Europeans traded goods like tobacco and guns for millions of African slaves. These slaves were brought to America in order to farm and build infrastructure. A large percent of slaves didn't even make it to the American mainland; conditions aboard the ships were so cruel that many died. Even if they made it to America their children would also be forced into slavery and forced to work for the rest of their lives. Many of these slaves were brought to West Indian Islands and were used to produce and grow crops such as sugar and tobacco. The income generated from this production went into increasing the size of the American and European
Still there was slave trade in other countries "like Egypt, Rome, China, Persia, the Aztecs, and many other countries" (Slave Trade and It's Impact 417) long before the Era of Exploration. When the Europeans started using slave trade it became a giant profitable business, changing it forever, and originally coastal African leaders agreed to this slave trade in exchange for weapons, and other goods. But this agreement didn't last very large because African leaders soon tried to stop the trade, but their efforts failed and the slave trade grew larger and larger. These slaves were transported on the middle passage or the second leg of the triangle trade. This had a huge impact on many of the people from Africa that would forever impact them and there family for generations. Because of this trade people saw Africans as lesser beings, or sometimes not even people, even long after the Age of Exploration people saw Africans, and African Americans differently then Caucasian Americans. People of America saw African and African Americans so differently it resulted in a civil
In class, we talked about the massive impact of the slave trade in the United States. For instance, because of the slave trade, America was able to gain profit out of farming and had an enormous increase in population size. The trans-Atlantic trade represents the exchange of
[x] France for example has created New France in Canada and also down into Florida and Spain had a large portion of Mexico and Southern America. [xi] These new colonizes helped create trade between the New and Old World. Government ventures lended money for explorers to set forth and trade in the West and elsewhere.[xii] This also led to the role of mercantilism in the Atlantic as well. They helped promote overseas trade between a country and its own colonizes.[xiii] As they controlled more trade, different trading companies began to emerge in response to mercantilism. The Dutch West Indian Company and the royal African Company chartered by their motherlands all participated in a system which included other non- European countries as well. This system was known as the Atlantic Circuit which was a clockwise network of trading links that moved goods, wealth and people around the Atlantic system.[xiv] This helped make the slave trade more efficient because now a vast amount of slaves could be transported to their specific destinations as requested by a country. As document 8 shows, the slaves which came from Africa each followed a specific route in the Atlantic Circuit. [xv] tying in with document 4 the work that had to be done on the plantation was a lot and that is why with the help of city ports in Africa they were able to get a large number of slaves to help in the Americas. An example of the type of work they did can be
The Age of Discovery is the European historical period from around the 15th century to the end of the 18th century, during which extensive overseas exploration came to be an important factor in the expansion of European culture. It was the Portuguese discovery of the Atlantic Archipelago of the Azores, the discovery of a once unknown ocean route to the East in 1498, and the ultimate discovery of the western coast of Africa, and the trans-Atlantic discovery of the Americas on behalf of Spanish Crown in 1492 that led to the numerous global expeditions that would change history. These first small expeditions led to several more naval expeditions in Asia, Africa, Australia, and all the way to the Americas. These trips continued into the late 19th
Many wonder about the spread of the African race. The answer to that mystery leads back to the Transatlantic Slave Trade/Middle Passage. The Transatlantic Slave Trade/ Middle Passage is the reason for the wide spread of the African society altogether. The first stage included manufactured goods like clothing, food, and artilleries and transporting them from Europe to Africa. The second stage was known as the “Middle Passage” where the enslaved Africans would be shipped to the Americas. The third and final stage of the trade was the shipment of the produce from the enslaved Africans to Europe. The fifteenth century is when the trade began, and the Portuguese interests for Africa turned from its natural resources and into its people who they will pursue as slaves. The triangular trade included the Americas, England, and Europe.