The Civil Rights Act Of 1964

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In the United States, almost every employee is to protected under federal employment and anti-discrimination laws. These laws make it unlawful to discriminate against a variety of groups that have historically been subjugated to unfair treatment. The major federal anti-discrimination law is Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This law prevents discrimination on the basis of race/color, sex, religion, or national origin. It also prohibits retaliation against an employee for asserting their rights under the law and applies to all term and conditions of employment, including hiring, firing, promotion, compensation, and assignment decisions. Additionally, the equal pay act mandates that men and women must receive the same pay if they perform the same work. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act prohibits discrimination against those who are 40 years or older. For individuals with a disability, the Americans with Disabilities Act protects them from discrimination and also provides additional requirements, such as reasonable accommodations. In addition to these federal laws, state laws vary greatly in terms of accommodations in the workplace and the protection they provide to employees. These laws may vary greatly from state to state and many extend similar protections to groups that are not covered by federal laws. These rules place significant regulations on how employers can make decisions on hiring and other terms of employment but many factors affect this complex

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