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The Criminal Justice System ( Nics )

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Introduction

The Criminal Justice System (CJS) is one of the major public services in the United Kingdom. There are six core agencies complemented by a number of voluntary groups. Gibson and Cavadino (2008, p9) suggest that the Criminal Justice System ‘encompasses all the procedures and practices that flow from detection and apprehension of offenders right through to the rehabilitation of offenders’. The Criminal Justice System is a process through which various agencies work together to ensure that people who commit crimes are brought to justice; it exists to protect the public by reducing crime. One of the most integral components of the CJS is that of the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) who are responsible for prosecuting criminal cases investigated by the police. They act independently with the role of prosecuting cases firmly, fairly and effectively when there is enough evidence with a realistic prospect of conviction (CPS, n.d). This component of the CJS has not been without its problems of controversy but has improved to become the agency that it was intended to be over time. This report aims to describe and summarise the role and importance of the Crown Prosecution Service within the Criminal Justice System. Reference to other agencies including the work of the Police, the Courts, the Probation Service, the Prison Service and Youth Justice will

Historical context
The modern day Crown Prosecution Service was established in 1986 following a report that was
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