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The Dangers Of Genetically Modified Organisms

Decent Essays
Genetic modification of living beings is a growing science and with the increase of GM products and its adoption for commercialization, there will be a need for regulatory agencies globally to analyse and permit its proper usage. The possible dangers of GMO foods on human health are not even entirely clear yet, and there are a lot of questions regarding GMO Mosquitoes that cannot be answered with 100 percent certainty. There is no single regulatory body which can govern GE insects or a law that cover all risk assessments. This clearly shows the outdated U.S regulatory system which lacks oversight of how useful biotechnology and its inventions can prove to be.
The scientists who created Genetically modified mosquitoes use gene-insertion
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FDA believes that the interpretation of the phrase “articles (other than food) intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of man or other animals” in the FD&C Act's drug definition (21 U.S.C. 321(g)(1)(C)) is consistent with congressional intent and does not include articles intended to function as pesticides or insecticides by preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating mosquitoes for population control purposes. FDA thus believes and there is a need of dividing responsibilities between FDA and EPA in regulating mosquito-related products. Currently, the product may be regulated by FDA or EPA depending on the process by which the mosquito product has been developed. Mosquitoes developed through genetic engineering like the Oxitec OX513A mosquito, are regulated by FDA as new animal drugs under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FDCA). While, mosquitoes that are modified for the same intended purpose of suppressing mosquitoes through techniques like bacterial transfer and not genetic engineering, are regulated by EPA as pesticides under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA).
There is also a conflict between environmental groups and FDA based on the fact that GM mosquitoes are neither food nor drug, then why it should be regulated by Food and Drug Administration? One such organization is Friends of Earth(FOE). They believe that since GE mosquitoes do not fall under
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