Euthanasia And Physician Assisted Suicide Case Study

Decent Essays

The word euthanasia comes from the Greek words “eu” which means well and “thanatos” which is derived from death. Euthanasia literally means a “good death” (Davis F.A., 2013, p. 858-859). A good death is different to each person but usually constitutes having friends and family close, dying somewhere familiar, and dying in a comfortable manner with no pain. Voluntary stopping of eating and drinking is beneficial to the terminally ill patient in this way because it helps the family and the patient experience personal closure and it assists with a peaceful end to life. People also view it as an ethically appropriate decision (less controversial) to forgo an unwanted life prolonging measure than active euthanasia. The terminally ill using VSED are in control of their decision until the very end. They can choose at any time to opt out and begin eating/ drinking again. Patient’s die in a very dignified manner of their own accord instead of when their disease tells they should “go” which parallels their want for autonomy in making that choice. VSED is a more humane and dignified way to abide by the wishes of patients who wish to hasten their own death.
What is VSED? Voluntary euthanasia is “the act of one person killing another in accordance with the competently expressed wishes of that person” (Schuklenk U., Van Delden J., Downie J., McLean S., Upshur R., Weinstock D., 2011). There are two types of euthanasia, active and passive. Active euthanasia is defined as taking measures

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