The Decline in the Rate of Unemployment Is Due to Adverse Factors in the United States Economy

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In the Wall Street Journal dated September 6th 2013, an article titled, ‘Unemployment Drops for the Wrong Reasons’ describes how unemployment has dropped in the United States based on the latest Bureau of Labor Statistics population survey. According to Izzo (2013), there was a drop in unemployment rate to 7.3% by 0.1% in August 2013. This was coupled with a drop of broader measure of unemployment by 0.3% to 13.7%. On closer scrutiny, the drop in unemployment came from wrong reasons (Izzo, 2013). The arguments in the article are that the decline in the rate of unemployment is purely due adverse factors in the US economy. The 0.1% was approximately equal to 115,000 people.
The key reason that there was a drop in unemployment rate is that the labor force declined by 312,000. In macro economics, labor force is defined as the actual people who are available for work. This includes the employed and unemployed. Retrospectively, the drop in labor force indicates a drop in the summative value of unemployed and employed population. Izzo (2013) posits that the indication of the decline in unemployment was a long term discouragement and loss of hope of the labor force. Consequently, people are not willing to search for work at the prevailing rate and hence cannot be considered as unemployed.
The article indicates that the labor force participation rate in the United States by August 2013 was at its lowest (63.2%) since 1978. This rate has been defined as the ratio of…