The Decline of Japan's Birth Rate

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Japan needs to have more babies. The population of Japan is declining, and the birth rate is a base problem. People just aren’t having enough babies anymore. This will be problematic, as Tomm says “The consequences have had negative effects as fertility rate continues to decline and life expectancy continues to increase”. After the birth rate has been declining for the past four decades, the old far outnumber the young at a ratio of nearly 2:1(“Japan Age structure”). There aren’t enough workers to pay into social security. Social problems like traditional gender roles and stereotypes negatively impact the growth of the population. Because of their work-centric lifestyles, social problems, and child related expenses, Japan’s birth rate is…show more content…
Work life is also related to another of Japan’s problems, low marriage rates. The amount of unmarried women in Japan has risen from 20.9% to 54% in 2000 (Huen 5). This lack of marriage is one of the contributors long-term issues with the Japanese workforce. This could lead to Japan not gaining any new, young workers. Once the aging workforce is too old to perform the demanding tasks that are required in the world of business, they will have no one to replace them without taking drastic measures. Soon they will have to rely on immigration, something the Japanese people have historically been against, to fill this gap. These motivations to keep working over having a family is one of the problems leading to the decline of Japan’s birthrate. These lifestyles led by the people of Japan help give way to another problem that is affecting Japan’s birthrate in a negative way. These are the social problems that the country is currently facing. One of the biggest problems is the definition of gender roles and peoples expectations of those of either sex. In an average Japanese household, the husband works most of the time, often returning home late at night or right before a family meal such as dinner. Meanwhile, the wife of the family is usually expected to stay at home and raise the kids. This means that many women ages 20-30 stop working for a period of time then rejoin the workforce. However, as the prominent seniority
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