The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill

1816 Words Jun 9th, 2015 8 Pages
Introduction
The Deepwater Horizon oil spill (also referred to as the BP oil spill) occurred in the Gulf of Mexico in April of 2010. The spill had detrimental physical, chemical, and biological effects throughout ecosystems in the Gulf of Mexico. The Deepwater Horizon oil spill being the largest accidental marine oil spill in the history of the United States, makes it a very important event in US history. During the event many coastal areas along the Gulf of Mexico were coated with oil, including the plants, animals, beaches, etc. This directly affected coastal ecosystems in the Gulf, and as a result, impacted many coastal economies: fishing industries, restaurants/food industries, tourism, and real estate. Many coastal species were also affected (e.g. dolphins, shorebirds, and phytoplankton). These issues that are associated with the spill, along with technology and the media, helped to support the anti-BP movement. Much research is still being done, and many long-term effects of the oil spill are still uncertain.
This paper will analyze the causation of the oil spill, and the actions BP took to stop the leak. Controversial chemicals such as Corexit 9500 will be evaluated. Long-term and short-term environmental impacts of the event will be analyzed. As mentioned above, the Deepwater Horizon oil spill had social/economic impacts on Gulf States, this will also be evaluated. After the event, or post-spill, BP established environmental and political remediation efforts. A few…
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