The Effects Of Authoritarianism In South Korea

Decent Essays
After the collapse of Japanese Imperial government at the end of the World War II, the United States brought to South Korea new norms about capitalism and democratic institutions. Although the US had supported hundreds of millions of dollars for Korea to and promote modernization and democratization, South Korea had struggled constantly for political freedom and economic development during the second half of the 20th century due to different phases of authoritarian rule.
The 1st president of South Korea, Syngman Rhee was backed by the US for many reasons: he was an anti-Communist and pro-capitalist and had a goodsup background of being educated by the US. However, his administration quickly ran into difficulties because of his desire to remain in power and his policies without rapid changes in the Korean economy. He suppressed political activities, declared Martial law to strengthen his power and called for a series of constitutional amendments in order to prolong the presidency term on the election in March 1960. Unfortunately, the fraudulent election ignited revolutionary protests by university students against police violence with demand for a new election. Finally, Rhee announced his resignation, and shortly thereafter, under the new
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In addition, it cannot be denied that under the above-mentioned phases of authoritarian rule, South Korea had experienced “the miracle on the Han river”. As a result, it is easy to understand the fact that the older generations in Korea still remember the old days, creating Park Chung-hee syndrome and one of the most literal cases must be his daughter, Park Geun-hye’s victory in the president election in
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