The Effects Of Eating Disorders Among Adolescents

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In the past two decades, the percentage of adolescents who are overweight has almost tripled, from 5 to 14 % (Neumark-Sztainer, Story, Hannan, Stat, & Rex, 2003). For many, this is an alarming statistic. Studies concerning eating disorders are showing more and more frequency in younger age groups and especially in those who are athletes, diabetics, and obese adolescents (Martin & Golden, 2014). Many studies have shed some light on the issue of eating disorders by conducting surveys and developing new programs to use in schools. The purpose of this paper is to propose more education and programs in schools to reduce and prevent the development of eating disorders. The prevalence of eating disorders among adolescents is an increasing…show more content…
When thinking about eating disorders, we typically do not include dieting. However, dieting can be an issue when seen in adolescents, especially middle school-aged children. We also consider eating disorders to only develop in females, this is not true. Recent findings have shown that 10% of individuals who present with anorexia nervosa are males (American Psychiatric Association, 1994). One study found that age of onset of eating disorders did not differ between male and female adolescents and that none of the males in the study were diagnosed with bulimia nervosa (Welch, Ghader, & Swenne, 2015). It is important to understand that eating disorders are not gender specific and that both males and females can develop an eating disorder. The current proposal wants to focus on mainly middle school-aged adolescents. Some studies have shown that certain behaviors in early childhood could be indicative of development of an eating disorder later in life. One particular study conducted over a span of 10 years found that children diagnosed with pica were more likely to develop an uncontrolled eating behavior than shows who were picky, which was found to predict a protective factor for bulimic symptoms (Marchi & Cohen, 1990). The study also found that children with picky eating behaviors were likely to show symptoms of anorexia nervosa. Placing a program that focuses on self-esteem and a healthy lifestyle into schools would lessen the
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