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The Effects Of Minimization On Confessions

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Minimization also includes underrating the consequences of the confession, so when it is coupled with isolation and confrontation, the three features set the stage for the suspect to believe that confessing is a viable means to escape the aversive situation. Indeed, in a study designed to assess the impact of minimization on confessions, Russano, Meissner, Narchet, and Kassin (2005) found that using minimization tactics almost doubled the rate of true confessions (42% to 81%), but it also tripled the rate of false confessions (6% to 18%) relative to no specific tactic. Similarly, offers of leniency increase both true (46% to 72%) and false (6% to 14%) confessions relative to no tactic. However, when the tactics were combined, this had little
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