The Effects Of Ocean Pollution On The Marine Ecosystem

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Ocean pollution comes in many forms with each having some sort of effect on the marine ecosystem. Ocean pollution is destroying earth 's waters, because its killing populations of organisms in the water all over the ocean, Its destroying coral reefs and water is being contaminated with oil,garbage and chemicals.Which in turn is destroying organisms all over the ocean. For the purpose of this paper, it will be logical to categorize these pollutants into three main areas; garbage, chemical, and noise pollution. When thinking about these topics it is not only important to look at the devastation that it brings to sea life, but also how it impacts human and animal life as well.

The most obvious pollutant comes in the form of garbage. Garbage is a visible source that we can see floating on the water’s surface. Among the garbage, plastic appears to be the most harmful to marine life. There is an average of 13,000 pieces of plastic litter scattered around every square kilometer of the ocean. An average of 6.4 million tons of marine litter reaches the oceans every year according to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). At this rate scientists predict a bleak future for the oceans which are a vital to our planet 's existence.

Once garbage whether plastic or not reaches the oceans, the currents take it many miles off shore. The place it ends up is a place that is termed an oceanic desert. The scientific name is gyre. A gyre is a slowly moving, clockwise spiral of
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