Explain why you agree or disagree with the view that by the end of the Second World War the US had developed into a superpower. In the USA after World War 1 ended in 1918 there was a new hope and optimism which was an inevitable reaction to war as people look for a better life. The first world war created a surge of energy and ambition in the nation more so than in any other nation in the world. This new found energy was created by the industrial power increased from government encouragement as well as the introduction of mass production which gave cheaper consumer goods and so helped lead into the American dream. The American dream was also helped by the increase of wages which meant that they had more money to spend on creating the dream American home and lifestyle, this extra money meant that they could also have more freedom leading to the era being known as the Era of Jazz, which also challenged the traditional patterns that had been brought through from small towns. In 1921 after the Wall Street Crash the few things that the government did well are that they set up the Reconstruction Finance Corporation in 1932 to loan money to private corporation and then a wider range of community loans were offered in the Glass-Seagall Act while finally there were also cheaper home mortgages offered in the Federal Home Loan Bank Act. The final Act that was created in 1932 was the Emergency relief and Construction Act that gave relief money to states for federal and local public
The end of World War Two saw Russia and the United States as world powers, each with totally different views on how the new world should be governed.The Cold War was a fight between Communism and Capitalism; only one method could prevail. Communism, was the notion that through a class war all would become equal, all property owned publicly and each person paid equally. On the opposite end of the spectrum lay Capitalism where there is an economic and political system of a country’s trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit; not the state. One way that America sought to protect and hopefully impede Soviet Russia was through its foreign policies. The major foreign policy act that the U.S had in place during the Cold War,
In the USA after World War 1 ended in 1918 there was a new hope and optimism which was an inevitable reaction to war as people look for a better life. The first world war created a surge of energy and ambition in the nation more so than in any other nation in the world. This new found energy was created by the industrial power increased from government encouragement as well as the introduction of mass production which gave cheaper consumer goods and so helped lead into the American dream. The American dream was also helped by the increase of wages which meant that they had more money to spend on creating the dream American home and lifestyle, this extra money meant that they could also have more freedom leading to the era being known as the Era of Jazz, which also challenged the traditional patterns that had been brought through from small towns. In 1921 after the Wall Street Crash the few things that the government did well are that they set up the Reconstruction Finance Corporation in 1932 to loan money to private corporation and then a wider range of community loans were offered in the Glass-Seagall Act while finally there were also cheaper home mortgages offered in the Federal Home Loan Bank Act. The final Act that was created in 1932 was the Emergency relief and Construction Act that gave relief money to states for federal and local public works when their budgets couldn 't fit the needed changes in. In 1933 Franklin Delano Roosevelt was inaugurated into power and
"The era of anxiety and economic depression was also a time of growing strength for political dictatorship. Popularity elected governments and basic civil liberties declined drastically in Europe"(McKay 967). Most say the start of the second World War was due to the depression across the world. Others, like Monetarists, believe that the second World War was no accident. The worldwide depression left countries with dictatorship that seemed to be the wave of the future and therefore the start of World War II.
The United States, being the second face of the Cold War, possessed great power and influence after the resurgence of its economy after the Second World War. Originally having been caught in the Great Depression in the 1930 (due to a complex system of investment, buying on the margin, and non-existent federally-insured banking systems), the United States had been entered into one of the lowest points in economic history for the nation. Nearly 20% of the population of the U.S. was out of jobs, wages had decreased, and downsizing and foreclosure were commonplace. Bread lines and soup kitchens were the trend of the decade, and many found themselves at a loss for hope before efforts were made for recovery. The New Deal was implemented by Congress, allowing for banks to become federally insured and supplied people with jobs.
At the end of World War II was a time of great relief for Americans. With the economic boom that followed on its heels, it was also a time of great optimism. Yet for many scientists especially those who had contributed their talents and expertise to the development of America’s atomic bomb; the end of this war and the lead-up to the Cold War was also a time of great anxiety. The creation of the bomb led them to one conclusion that any future war could bring the end of the world as they knew it. Harold C. Urey was one of the scientists that believed that we should fear the bomb. He wanted the government to monitor the usage of the bomb and to place strict policies so that we will not use it unless there really isn’t any other way.
In the aftermath of World War II, the lives of the women changed dramatically. Women spoke their minds out and wanted to be heard. World War II brought them a new outlook on how they should live their lives (Napikoski). It encouraged women to organize social movements such as boycotts and public marches, pushing for their human rights and protection against discrimination. Alongside, they formed their own organization representing them against the federal government like the NOW or National Organization for Women (Napikoski). Through the years, women have been struggling to fight for equal rights and unfortunately still exist even at the present in some areas. Yes, women 's status was not like what they used to back then, where their roles
World War One began on July 28, 1914 after the Austrian-Hungarian emperor was assassinated by coordination of The Black Hand secret society, a Serbian nationalist group. The war between Serbia and Austria-Hungary began. The First World War is known for its trench warfare, alliances, and technological advancements. World War I ended on November 11, 1918 ending in an allied victory. World War II, also known as the Second War, began on September 1, 1939. World War II was much more brutal than World War I, the German, Adolf Hitler and his National Socialist, Nazi Party, killed over 60 million people. The war came to an end on September 2, 1942 when the surrender was signed aboard the battleship U.S.S. Missouri in Tokyo Bay. Advancements
The end of World War II was not just the end of a war, but also the beginning of a tense and dynamic period that affected society on all levels. This “postwar” period, as it became known, shaped the world, as we know it today; likewise, the period was shaped itself both by the war that had preceded it, and the powerful forces that surrounded it. As the energy of fundamentally different ideologies, Communism and Democracy collided with advances in science such as the nuclear bomb, a dangerous environment ensued that created an atmosphere of paranoia throughout the world and especially, within America.
The years following the end of World War I were a time of transition, leaving behind in its trail of destruction several devastated nations and historic changes that could not have been foreseen. Harsh treaties were imposed upon the defeated nations by the victorious western powers. Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Turkey and Bulgaria were stripped of substantial territories and significant war reparations were imposed (Brower and Sanders 64 – 65).
World War I, which lasted from 1914 to 1918, was one of the bloodiest wars in the history of the world, its horrors surpassed only by World War II. The start of the war can be traced back to the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary in June 1918 by Gavrilo Princip, a member of a Bosnian Serb rebel group wishing to liberate ethnically Serbian parts of Bosnia from the Austro-Hungarian Empire and integrate them with the neighboring Kingdom of Serbia. The assassination led to a cascade of events which ended in full scale conflict in Europe and other parts of the world between the Allied Powers, consisting of most notably France, the United Kingdom, Russia, Japan, Italy and later in the war, the United States, and the Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire. The war ended four years later with the defeat of the Central Powers. The Treaty of Versailles drafted in 1919, was one of the numerous attempts by the Allied Powers to achieve revenge on Germany and dismantle its economy. The treaty caused great unrest in Germany and dissatisfaction with the nascent postwar German government, the Weimar Republic. The unrest and dissatisfaction led to the rise of the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (NSDAP or Nazi Party) and its intent to destroy and replace the Weimar Republic. The aftermath of World War I, including the treatment of Germans by the Allied Powers through the Treaty of Versailles led to a rise in radical German nationalism
The unfortunate World War II (WWII) began On September 1st 1939 and it ended in the year of 1945. Even though this war only lasted six years, it cost more than 60 million lives. Except Germany, led by Adolf Hitler, another great power was the Soviet Union, led by Joseph Stalin. Stalin and Hitler signed a nonaggression pact that stated that they would not fight against each other in the war, and both agreed to divide Poland between them. Not only that but USSR (United Soviet Socialist Republic) would also take over Finland, and Baltic countries such as Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. After signing the pact, Hitler invaded Poland, by using blitzkrieg strategy, or lighting war. This strategy involved fast moving tanks and airplanes bombing
The dominance of world by the United States started by the end of World War II. The dominance marked the beginning of the cold war which dominated the world affairs up to the early 1990s.The United States and its partners faced the Soviet Union and its allies. The war was marked by a lack of global wars but a persistent regional proxy war. From this time, the U.S administration has pursued a single grand strategy, deep engagement. However, with the endless debate on the promotion of democracy and liberal economic order, the differences have emerged on which policy best suits the country.
At the conclusion of the Second World War in 1945 Canada was a competing nation in the global community with the 3rd largest navy and the 4th largest airforce. However, following the end of the war Canada’s military expenditure fell drastically only to briefly rise in the early 1950 with the outbreak of the Korean War. From there on the military spending compared to GDP went into a consistent decline for the rest of the Canadian history which is shown in the graph to the right. The reduction of military spending allowed Canada to once again become a humble, and possibly insignificant country in the global sphere. Therefore, it has become a frequent view to believe that Canada simply went from being under the influence of Britain to the influence and control of the United States, specifically after the end of the Second World War with the defensive treaties signed between the Canada and the United States. However, I believe quite the opposite is true which can be reflected in presidencies of Dwight D. Eisenhower and John F. Kennedy and their subsequent relationship with John Diefenbaker as well as passed Canadian policy during this period.
The year is 1939, the start of the Second World War. During this era, alliances such as the Axis or Allied Powers were able to communicate their battle plans by sending messages to one another using certain codes. As an Allied Power, the United States formed the Single Security Agency to divert and interpret Axis Power communications; this is also referred to as code breaking (History Chanel 1). The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor brought an end to the Single Security Agency. However, by the end of World War II in 1949, America was determined to defend themselves from another surprise attack. Therefore, they formed the Armed Forces Agency. This agency was also short-lived, by 1952 the Armed Forces Agency had lost governmental trust because they rejected communications with the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and other federal agencies. Longing for a structured security agency that would be able to break the code systems used by opposing forces, President Harry Truman established the National Security Agency on November 2, 1952 (Plethrons NSA 1).