The Ethical Phenomenon Of Breast Cancer Screening And Treatments

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The ethical phenomenon, the “Jolie Effect”, receives much publicity about the BRCA 1 gene mutation that raised the actress’ risk and subsequent preventative double mastectomy. As a result, more women have been tested for both the BRCA1 and BRCA 2 gene mutations and choosing bilateral mastectomies for early-stage breast cancers (Weintraub, 2015). Oncologists saw a 50% increase for risk-reduction mastectomy surgery related to the “Jolie Effect”. The impact of an actress, known for her beauty, to willing risk her body image to increase her lifespan survival has philanthropically advanced the issues surrounding breast cancer.
Racial &Cultural Williams, Templin, and Hines (2013) identified that some populations groups are particularly vulnerable to be able to obtain diagnostic tests and attain positive outcomes related to breast cancer. Breast cancer screening and treatments are based on the Caucasian woman. A racial/cultural gap exists in both approach to screening and diagnostics, and gene expression in treatment. Each culture requires specific unique interventions, and may include such topics as: (a) health literacy associated with reduction in obtaining breast exam for black women; (b) lack of doctor recommendation associated with reduction in obtaining breast exam for Latino women; and (c) lack of doctor recommendation and other competing financial priorities associated with reduction in obtaining breast exams for Arab women (Roman et. al., 2014; Hawley et al., 2010). Race

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