The European Union And Its Institutions

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Research question
Based upon the brief introduction to the research area, it is now possible to derive the research question of interest:
How is individual identification with prerequisites for a deliberative process related to individual trust in the European Union and its institutions?
As mentioned in the previous section, the idea presented by Habermas is normative in nature, which requires the empirical investigation to focus on the relevant process leading towards the desired ‘state of the world’, rather than the de facto characteristics of the EU itself. The research question leads to two hypotheses: Identification with prerequisites for a deliberative process has a positive effect on individual trust in the European Union. The
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Hereinafter, the prima facie list of dependent, independent and control variables will be presented, along with the proposed methods of data analysis. Data
In order to investigate the hypotheses, I have chosen to use the European Social Survey (ESS). ESS aims to investigate attitudinal changes within the European countries. ESS is a cross-national survey, carried out every second year starting from 2002. In total, there are six rounds, where the most recent round is from 2012 (ESS Round 6, 2012). The survey consists of a core questionnaire varying a theme module questionnaire – one for each round. The core questionnaire, which is to be used in this study, traces individual opinions about media and social trust, politics, subjective wellbeing, gender and household, socio-demographics and human values (European Social Survey, 2014, p. 7)
In total, ESS includes 30 EU member states across the six rounds. Within each country, random probability sampling is used, and the obtained response rate is around 70%, which sums to approximately 40.000 respondents for each round. Furthermore, the dataset includes country specific post-stratification weights in order to account for sampling error and non-response bias (ibid: 9).
The data set is very relevant to the project. First, it includes almost every country in the EU, as it is designed to report attitudes on relevant subjects across Europe. Second, it consists of questions related to the EU in general, as well as questions
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