In the summer of 1982, a local Turkish sponge diver named Mehmed Cakir set out on a normal morning dive. In the Bay of Antalya in the Mediterranean Sea near the city of Kas, the diver took a boat not too far off shore. During his dive, he found what he described as “metal biscuits with ears” and reported them to the Institute of Nautical Archaeology in Kas. The INA then sent a team to the shoreline to discover what would end up being the Uluburun, the oldest shipwreck ever excavated.
The site of the Uluburun shipwreck is just 50 meters (160 feet) off the eastern shore of Uluburun, and 6 miles southeast of the city Kas, Turkey. Excavation of the Uluburun shipwreck began in July of 1984 and lasted until late 1994. It was split up into eleven campaigns, each lasting around three to four months. The Institute of Nautical Archaeology controlled the entire excavation; however it was led by two different nautical archaeologists. Dr. George F. Bass initiated the preliminary campaign in 1984 and was taken over by Dr. Cemal Pulak in 1985 until 1994. Dr. George F. Bass is recognized as one of the early practitioners of underwater archaeology. In 1960, Bass was the director of the first archaeological expedition to entirely excavate an ancient shipwreck, Cape Gelidonya, which is not far from the site of the Uluburun. When Bass left the project to teach, Pulak took over and has been directing INA 's annual shipwreck surveys in Turkey since 1982.
The location of the Uluburun brought