The False Memories Of Photographs

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Taking photographs has become a staple for many individuals to document important life events in recent years. These photographs later become cues for individuals to recall their memories of what had happened during the time that the photo was taken. Since photographs usually capture real and memorable events, it would make sense to assume that the memories that photographs produce are going to be real and true memories. However, memories created by photos might not always be reliable. For example, if a group of individuals were presented with a fabricated picture from an important political event, one might assume that the individuals would simply claim to have no memory of the event happening. This, however, is not always what occurs. Frenda, Knowles, Saletan & Loftus (2013) performed two studies testing the false memory phenomena. The first study they performed aimed to test if digitally altered photographs about false political events would cause participants from a very large sample to claim that they remembered the false events taking place. The experimenters believed that using a large and diverse sample of participants in this study would show a difference to previous false memory research that consisted of smaller samples of college students. The study was conducted online using a survey that asked each participant’s political orientation and then presented each participant with four events. Participants each viewed the same three true events and one false event in

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