The Field Of Second Language Acquisition ( Sla )

1913 WordsMay 1, 20168 Pages
There are lots of approaches in the field of Second Language Acquisition(SLA), some are focus on the cognitive aspects such as Universal Grammar and language parameter, as other aspects may focus more on the interaction aspect. One such is interactionist approach. Interactionist approach is a type of theory proposing that one of the most effective methods in Second Language Acquisition, which is that the development of language proficiency is through personal or direct interaction. This approach combines constructs from several area of acquisition. Specifically, it combines Krashen’s Input hypothesis (1977) and Swain’s Output hypothesis (2001) and several important cognitive concepts such as noticing, working memory, and attention. From all the types of interactions, finding the most helpful interaction for learners becomes the most emphasized research for linguistic scholars. Among the interactions, conversation stands out by emphasizing the importance of constant language communication and interaction for Second Language Learners. The interactionist approach acknowledges that during meaningful language conversations, language learners participate differently when they are in certain situation. Indeed, learning becomes more effective wherein the situation that “negotiation” occurs. During the “negotiation”, learns will initially attempt to understand and fix the misunderstanding or miscommunication during the interaction. As one of the most effective model in the Second
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