The First Crusade

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The First Crusade

A mass of men, numbering roughly 100,000, marched out of Europe and toward Jerusalem and were victorious against masses of Islamic armies. In July of 1099AD, Jerusalem would fall out of the hands of the Turks for the first time in centuries, and the First Crusade would also serve to frame the make-up of nobility across Europe and help shape the middle ages altogether.
The view of the Crusades, like many major events of history, are often known without being truly understood. In the modern era, the Crusades are seen almost as an afterthought, and used as a tool to rationalize and justify relativism in general. In fact, Islam had spread deep to the west, swallowing Spain and expanding into southern France.
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To this day, it is remarkable to think that this expedition of tens of thousands of men had no single commander presiding over it. From one perspective, it was a biblical parallel to the children of Israel being led out of Egypt. From another, it was a groundswell of passion and adventure. In reality, there was papal influence, from Pope Urban II himself, as well as the Bishop of Le Puy, Adhémar. There were other designates appointed by the Pope as well, but he result was a movement of such magnitude that it become an unstoppable force, cutting through Asia Minor, and securing Jerusalem in less than three years.
In June 1099AD, the Crusaders would begin to lay siege on Jerusalem. The city would fall the following month. The passionate, and sometimes leaderless movement made such an endeavor dangerous in its own right. Not every soldier or knight fought the good fight throughout the campaign. Some turned and ran, others would die from illness.
During the siege, even the Christian soldiers found themselves without food. At one point for as long as ten days. When ships finally arrived with provisions at the port of
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