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The Freedom Of The State Of Nature

Decent Essays
Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains (18). It is evident that Rousseau was displeased with the inequalities and oppressions in his current society in the 18th century Europe and his discourses were results of them.

Rousseau believed that human beings have the most freedom in the state of nature. He also believed that man is usually a peaceful creature who wants to get along with another humans and avoid conflict. At the same time, there is always going to be that one bad person that has bad intentions. Subsequently, as a result of a possible betrayal, all man’s thinking is that the betrayal can be anyone since no one knows who he is. Therefore, man will be in the state of war and wouldn’t have the most freedom in the state
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Rousseau indicated that social freedom is superior to the state of nature. He believed that in the state of nature people are ruled by their personal desires instead of by reason. Therefore, they are not completely free.

However, Rousseau went into detail about how humans have the innate desire to be to be involved and a part of a social setting to acquire protection and security. Additionally, man possesses the ability to put his actions in prospective and can conclude that it is best for himself and the greater community to be a unified body. Thus, a free and equal society is accomplished by deriving a social contract.

Another point that Rousseau develops is that if all humans give up their power and rights for the general will, they will be more free because what they achieve in the social freedom is better for them than the freedom in the state of nature. Therefore, people should abandon and sacrifice their personal freedom in order to achieve social freedom. People give up all their rights to each other and they’ll receive all their rights back through the general will and that 's how they become equal.

Locke had stated that natural freedom is obtained when the natural law is obeyed. Unlike Lock, Rousseau argued that freedom and authority don 't contradict each other since the general will of the citizens are the rules and laws of the legislator. Therefore, by obeying the law the individual is obeying himself

Locke and Rousseau both agree
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