The Giger And Davidhizar Transcultural Assessment Model

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Running head: THE GIGER AND DAVIDHIZAR TRANSCULTURAL ASSESSMENT MODEL

The Giger and Davidhizar Transcultural Assessment Model
Jamee Gosch
Florida Southwestern College

The Giger and Davidhizar Transcultural Nursing Assessment Model
Introduction
Theories of transcultural nursing with established clinical approaches to clients were founded in the mid-1960s and are an essential aspect of healthcare today. The ever-increasing multicultural population in the United States poses a significant challenge to nurses providing individualized and holistic care to their patients. Accurate assessments identify factors that define transcultural nursing and analyze methods to promote culturally competent nursing care.” (Maier-Lorentz, 2008) In 1988 Giger and Davidhizar created their Transcultural Assessment Model (TAM) to facilitate “…the discovery of culturally sensitive facts… (and) provide culturally appropriate and competent care.” (Giger & Davidhizar, 2002) The TAM was developed for an undergraduate nursing curriculum to train students to assess and provide care for patients that are culturally diverse. This paper will employ the six cultural phenomena defined by TAM to assist in identifying cultural attributes of Mexican Americans that should be considered by nurses in assessment and care.

Demographic overview of Mexico, 2009 -2011: (Giger, 2014) o Most Mexicans are mestizos (of mixed Spanish and Indian
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