The Health Between Indigenous And Non Indigenous Australians

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The social determinants of health are described as the condition of daily living in which determines the individual’s chances of maintaining optimum health (Department of Health and Human Services 2015). In Australia, the health inequality between indigenous and non-indigenous Australians is noted by the World Health Organization (WHO) to have the largest disparity in the world (Markwick et al. 2014). Statistically, the life expectancy for indigenous Australians who are born in 2010-2012 is estimated to be 10.6 years lower when compared to non-indigenous Australians (Markwick et al. 2014). Social determinants such as employment and social exclusion may contribute to the major difference in the health status between the indigenous and non-indigenous Australians (Markwick et al. 2014). This essay will focus on discussing how having employment and social exclusion has led to the health inequalities between indigenous and non-indigenous Australians, and how indigenous healthcare nurses can address these determinants in the care they provide in the indigenous community setting.

Indigenous Australians have a historical continuity of employment disadvantage when compared to non-indigenous Australians (Eckermann 2005). Historically, Aboriginal employment in Australia was based on an individual contract attempting to legalize colonial exploitation after the nationwide ban on slavery (Eckermann 2005). These contracts allow employers to employ indigenous Australians through the basis

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