The Health of Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders

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The Health of Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders -------- Grand Canyon University: NRS-429VN ------- Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders (NHPI) Population In 1997, the Office of Management and Budget revised Statistical Policy Directive No. 15, Race and Ethnic Standards for Federal Statistics and Administrative Reporting and separated the 1976 racial category of “Asian and Pacific Islander” into two groups: “Asian” and “Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderi Native Hawaiians, Samoans and Chamorros are indigenous peoples to the State of Hawaii, the U.S.Territory of American Samoa and the U.S. Territory of Guam respectively. 8 out of 10 Pacific Islanders in the U.S. are native to the United Statesiv. Pacific…show more content…
Kinship and the extended family, for example, are central to many social and economic aspects of life for Micronesians and Samoans (Palafox & Warren, 1980). Social isolation has been one of the primary causes of psychological problems and mental illness, such as depression. Generally, families who are unhappy are more susceptible to diseases, hypertension, and suicidal ideations and attempts. There is a strong need to build healthy communities that can engage people of all ages to combat social isolation (Kaiser Foundation, 2010). Health Disparities in NHPI In general, Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders (NHPI) bear a disproportionately higher prevalence of many chronic medical conditions, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity, collectively known as cardiometabolic disorders (Mau et al., 2009). Native Cardiovascular disease (CVD), which includes coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke, is the leading cause of death and disability in the world (WHO, 2012). This is consistent with Native Hawaiians having a higher prevalence in different types of CVD and its various risk factors. Among CVD risk factors, hypertension is the most common (Kaplan & Opie, 2006; Pieske & Wachter, 2008). The high rate of hypertension among NHPP may be explained in part by the high rate of obesity and other factors that affect blood
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