NASA stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration. NASA is a United States government agency that is responsible for science and technology related to air space. Space age started in 1957 with the launch of the Soviet satellite Sputnik and NASA was created in 1958. NASA was created to oversee U.S. space exploration and aeronautics research. NASA’s purpose today is to reach for new heights and reveal the unknown so that what we do and learn will benefit all humankind. NASA mainly sends astronauts to orbit conduct scientific research, and many other things help scientists today better understand space. Satellites help scientists learn more about Earth and pace probes study the solar system and beyond that. Today NASA is working …show more content…
The Gemini project was named after two astronauts flying aboard Gemini spacecraft’s. Gemini was the second human spaceflight program initiated by the U.S. While operating between Apollo and Mercury, Gemini consisted of 10 successful flights in 1965 and 1966. Gemini main goals were to subject man and equipment to space flight up to two weeks in time. Project Mercury begun in 1958 and was over in 1963. Mercury was the United Sates first program to establish a human presence in space. Mercury also made six human flights from 1961 to 1963. The main goals of Mercury were to successfully orbit a manned spacecraft around Earth, investigate humankinds’ ability to function in space, and to recover both occupant and spacecraft. Apollo goal was to establish the technology to meet national interest in space, achieving domination in space, carrying out a program of scientific exploration of the moon, and developing man’s capability to work in lunar environment. Apollo 15 was one of Apollo’s successful missions. The crew consisted of Commander David R. Scott, Lunar Module pilot James B. Irwin, and Command Module pilot Alfred M. Worden. The backup crew consisted of Commander Richard F. Gordon Jr., Lunar Module pilot Harrison H. Schmitt, and Command Module pilot Vance DeVoe Brand. This mission occurred on July 26, 1971 and landed August 7, 1971. The mission’s objective was to explore the Hadley – Apennine region, to set up and activate lunar surface
From this technological race came the “Space Race” that led to mankind’s first steps towards exploring the universe beyond Earth. The first move of the Space Race occurred when the Soviet Union launched Sputnik, the first satellite to successfully travel in space, on October 4, 1957. The satellite orbited the Earth for more than ninety days, and its sole capability was to emit a beeping noise only audible on certain radio frequencies (“National Debate Topic…”). The first U.S. satellite, named Explorer 1, was sent into orbit just three months later on January 31, 1958. From these technological advances developed new, more challenging goals such as sending a man into space, which called for the national funding of a program that could push the United States into the forefront of the fight. Thus, NASA was created by the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, which President Eisenhower signed on July 29, 1958 (“Creation of NASA” 261). This moment did not officially begin the NASA however; the program truly began in 1915 with the creation of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). The stated goal of the Committee was to “…supervise and direct the
NASA was the answer to the soviet union's space program. They wanted to one up them by showing how amazing america can be. Funded by the government by Dwight D EIsenhower he saw the potential in it and so did many more presidents after. John F. Kennedy was one of the key people in the program funding by showing that NASA was going to be the first to put a man on the moon. Then, The Apollo project did the impossible beating the soviet union by being the first men to step on the moon. This showed that mankind is capable of so much and we can achieve anything.
Gemini was a two manned spaceflight that would orbit Earth for two weeks before landing (two weeks as it was the time for a rocket to make a round trip to the moon). Gemini was a success as all ten of the manned spaceflights had accomplished their goals. The Apollo Program had begun in 1961. With the confident space program at a high, the presence of excitement was expected during the first step in the Apollo Program. Known as Apollo 204, on January 27, 1967, tragedy struck. At 6:31 in the evening, shouting was heard as the command module of the Saturn 1-B was engulfed in flames, killing the three astronauts (Breuer 178). Said to be a short circuit, the capsule was completely destroyed, but the rest of the rocket was unharmed. The tragedy shocked all of America, freezing the space program for months. The time left to land man on the moon had become that much shorter. Many Apollo missions later, on July 16, 1969, Apollo 11 lifted off hoping to finish the Space Race. Four days later, Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin were the first men to walk on the moon, defeating the Soviets (“Cold” para. 9). Americans now could say they had beaten the Soviets, showing pride in the country. They who have been behind in the Space Race were now
In conjunction with the Apollo program, which was launched 1961 and was completed in 1975, the US launched the Gemini program, also launched in 1961, which would develop technology for use on the Apollo spacecraft. The Gemini program primarily tested equipment and mission procedures and trained astronauts and ground crews for future Apollo missions. The overall objectives of the program included: long duration flights, testing the ability to maneuver a spacecraft and to achieve assembly and docking of two vehicles in Earth orbit, training of both flight and ground crews, conducting experiments in space, extravehicular operations (standup sessions and spacewalks), and active control of reentry to achieve an accurate landing. With the Gemini and Apollo programs, the U.S. had taken a huge lead in the Space Race. By landing on the moon, the United States effectively “won” the space race that had begun with the launch of Sputnik in 1957. For their part, the Soviets made four failed attempts to launch a lunar landing craft between the years of 1969 and 1972, including a launch-pad explosion in July
Early in 1959, Luna I made a trip past the moon, and on September 14,1959, Luna II crashed on the moon. Luna II was truly the first actual visit by spacecraft to another object in space (McArthur, 29-30). The United States started the Apollo mission with the goals of reaching the moon and sending people to land on the moon safely. The Apollo missions go off to a rough start when on January 27, 1967, Apollo I caught on fire during the preflight test. Apollo II-VI where unmanned moon orbiter space crafts. Apollo VII was launched on October 11, 1968, and had three peope on board.It was in spaced for a little bit less than 11 days and in that time it orbted the moon colecting data. Apollo VIII was launched on December 21, 1968 and was in space over christmas and on christma eve they made a telecast were the astronauts red verses from the bible. On Apollo VII they also made five other telecasts. Apollo IX was launched on March 3, 1969, and collected more data on the moon and experimented with photography. Apollo X was launched May 18, 1969 and while in orbit tracked the moon's main landmarks. On July 16,1969, Apollo 11 blasted into space with Neil Armstrong, Edwin Aldrin, and Michael Collins (Loff). When it came time to attempt to and on the moon mission control tried to guide Apollo 11 somewhere Armstrong fet was too risky so he took over and went to land somewhere
For over fifty years, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, or NASA, has studied the outer space and how to get there. NASA was founded in 1958 by President Dwight D. Eisenhower. NASA basically branched out from another administration which was called the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics, or NACA. There are different bases spread out throughout the country, but the NASA headquarters are in Washington. NASA has an administrator who handles giving speeches and informing the press on new information. The administrator of NASA is Charles F. Bolden (About NASA).The National Aeronautics and Space Administration has many purposes that have resulted in various missions that require the unique skills of astronauts.
The term ‘NASA’ stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration. As a part of the U.S. government, it was initiated in 1958. Nasa does many important things, the man one being, that they make satellites, which are then used for scientists to learn more about space. It is overall in charge of U.S. science and technology that is based about looking and finding out more to do with airplanes as well as space.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the United States federal government dedicated to space research and exploration. Since its launch by then-President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1958, the world has come to owe a great deal to NASA for its advances in human curiosity and discovery. NASA requires research and collaboration on a global level, and employs highly-skilled people from a diverse range of backgrounds, including the military, medicine, and various science and engineering fields. It has been esteemed for decades as a leading authority on space science, making breakthroughs including exploring the geology and meteorology of planets and moons, viewing star clusters and neighboring galaxies, participating in the International Space Station, and providing compelling insight on the Earth’s climate in the face of climate change. Recently, the United States federal budget plan for 2017 has been released that significantly lowers NASA’s funding, and it is very problematic. This cut in spending will halt some of the agency’s finest efforts that will benefit the world in a remarkable way. Upon understanding the great work that NASA has achieved, not only should the government not cut spending on the space agency, but increase spending as one of the smartest investments the country has made.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration, or NASA is an organization accountable for phenomenal space exploration. The breakthrough for this agency was on their Apollo 11 mission with the first moon landing in July 1969 with Neil Armstrong being the first man on the moon. His prominent phrase “That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind” sparked a flame for space exploration in the hearts of millions. This feat was unheard of at this time period since the Apollo 11 team returned with a massive 842 pounds of lunar samples. With this space landing America concluded the Space race, triumphing the Soviet Union in a dignified manner. From this stage forward NASA blossomed into a distinguished space program and achieving popularity
The NASA budget was now four point five billion dollars, making up two point four percent of America's budget. The United States program passed through several stages, the first was the mercury program, which sent six one man missions into space. Cadbury The next set of mission in the NASA program were the Apollo missions.In december of 1968 Nasa launched Apollo 8, the first manned space mission to orbit the moon.( Sagdeev)On July 16 1969, NASA successfully launched Apollo 11, the first spacecraft to land on the moon.(Klein) The astronauts which landed on the moon were Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins. Once the United States successfully launched and landed Apollo 11, it meant we won the Space Race.(Klein) When the commander of the two crafts docked with each other, they both waved their hands at each other. In 1975 the joint mission, Apollo-Soyuz meant and ending to the cold war era and the Space
Around the 50’s and 60’s, the United States and the Soviet Union had a “competition” called the Space Race. “They raced each other in achieving significant firsts in space”(Brigham). The Soviet Union beat the United States in the first satellite, first human in orbit, and the first space walk. But then, the United States stepped in with the first rendezvous in space, the first extension of mission durations in more than a week, and the first docking of space crafts. Later, the United states orbited the moon, and then the famous Apollo 11 mission was when Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin first stepped foot on the moon.
Explorer 1 documented the existence of radiation zones encircling the Earth. NASA’s first major program involving human spaceflight was Project Mercury in 1961. On May 5 “Alan B. Shepard Jr. became the first American to fly into space” (Garber 2). Project Gemini built on Mercury 's accomplishments and continued NASA 's spaceflight program to spacecraft made for two astronauts. Gemini’s ten flights provided important research on weightlessness and reentry that was crucial to future programs. After Project Gemini, NASA immediately began Project Apollo, the trek to the Moon, which soon became their number one priority. President John F. Kennedy announced to the country, “I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to Earth” (Kennedy), nine years before the successful moon landing on July 20, 1969. The crew included Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin on that Apollo 11 mission to the Moon. Five more successful moon landings followed. On the Apollo 17 mission, we learned a “good deal about the origins of the Moon” (Garber 2). On a different Apollo mission in 1975, NASA cooperated with the Russian moon mission and collaborated for two days. The first three completed missions NASA conducted were extreme successes.
It was the first manned mission to orbit the moon. 2. The Astronauts: There were three astronauts aboard Apollo 8: Commander Frank Borman, Command Module Pilot James Lovell, and Lunar Module Pilot William Anders. They were the first humans to see Earth as a whole planet, first humans to see Earthrise, and the first to see the far side of the moon. The crew orbited the moon, but did not actually land on the moon.
Our government has hundreds of agencies and each agency should justify one of the six Parts of the Preamble in our Constitution; form a more perfect union, to establish justice, to insure domestic tranquility, to provide for the common defense, to promote the general welfare, and to secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity. One agency our government created is National Aeronautics and Space Administration(NASA). NASA’s mission is to discover, study and research space. They send satellites to space to study Earth and other planets. NASA has sent 6 astronauts to live in space on the International Space Station. There they are able to do research and experiments that can’t be done on Earth. They also
During the 1960s the superpowers of the world Russia and the US were in great tension during the space race. And the finish line was the moon. The race ended on July 20, 1969 when Apollo 11 landed on the moon and Neal Armstrong took the historical first steps on the moon. During the Apollo missions many questions were asked from is it even possible? To. Can man walk on the moon or is there not enough gravity so they would just float off in space? But through much research and great people. Some things I learned from my research was there were 2 other mission before the Apollo missions ever started. The mercury missions and the Gemini mission. The purpose of the mercury missions was to put a man in space and the purpose of Gemini was to test