The Ideal Ruler Of Kant 's Ruler

1070 Words Mar 13th, 2016 5 Pages
The Ideal Ruler How should our ideal rulers and government behave? The question has been asked for centuries and is still asked today. In 1516, Niccolò Machiavelli attempted to answer this question in his work "The Prince"(Machiavelli 8). Centuries later a different view of an ideal ruler was proposed by an Enlightenment writer, Immanuel Kant. Although Niccolò Machiavelli and Immanuel Kant lived 250 years apart, both views have advantages and disadvantages in leading a country, Kant 's ruler is a early model of a democratic ruler while Machiavelli 's ruler was an ideal model for a absolute monarch. Immanuel Kant 's view of an ideal leader is more beneficial to the European society during the Enlightenment since it reflect the characteristics of a democratic ruler. The ideal ruler Kant describes is fair, protects the freedom of man, and acts on the thoughts of his people. Insight about an ideal ruler can be gained by comparing and contrasting the views of these two great thinkers.
Fairness in the treatment of his people is important to a democratic government and Immanuel Kant 's described ruler. Immanuel Kant says an ideal ruler should "treat a man according to their dignity" (158). In contrast, Machiavelli 's ideal ruler only must appear to be fair and compassionate. Machiavelli stated "ruler must be Prudent in escaping the evil reputation attached to those vices" (9). So a ruler only need the reputation of fairness and not the actual act itself. Fairness in…
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