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The Impact Of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

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Literature Review of the Impact of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Marine Veterans who Served in Iraq One of the most vulnerable groups to post traumatic stress disorder are Marine veterans. This is because they often see the worst aspects of any conflict. The Iraq war, also known as Operation Iraqi Freedom was one of the bloodiest conflicts in recent history. During the course of this conflict 4,411 American Soldiers lost their lives, including 1,023 Marines (Defense Casualty Analysis System, 2017). With such a high loss of life, it is easy to see why helping those who served in Operation Iraqi Freedom is so important. Learning more about the treatment effects of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for United States Marines, who have been…show more content…
The National Institute of Mental Health (2016) defines PTSD as “a disorder that develops in some people who have experienced a shocking, scary, or dangerous event”. Both the United States department of Veterans Affairs, and the National Institute of Mental health have similar definitions regarding what PTSD is and how to treat it. In most cases PTSD symptoms begin showing within three months of when the initial incident occurred. However, in some cases, they can begin years after the traumatizing event, often being triggered by an outside entity. For an individual to be diagnosed with PTSD they must meet a specific set of criteria. To be diagnosed with PTSD a person must suffer from symptoms such as re-experiencing the event, avoidance, arousal and reactivity (trigger re-experience event), and cognition and mood symptoms (National Institute of Mental Health, 2016). All of these symptoms must be present in a client for at least one month before being diagnosed with PTSD.
PTSD can develop for a number of reasons. In the majority of PTSD cases are triggered through combat situations or sexual assaults. Individuals who suffer bodily harm, during a traumatic event, have a greater chance of developing PTSD symptoms than those who were uninjured (U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, 2016).
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